Task Solutions Of Issue Of Drugs And Alcohol Consumption:NSG3102

Task Solutions Of Issue Of Drugs And Alcohol Consumption:NSG3102

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INTEGRATED AND SUPPORTIVE
CARE
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Introduction
In today ’sstressful life, people of the nation partic …

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RUNNING HEAD: HEALTHCARE 0
INTEGRATED AND SUPPORTIVE
CARE
HEALTHCARE 1
Introduction
In today ’sstressful life, people of the nation particularly the youth, have turned to
drugs and alcohol usage to relieve their stress and itrelaxed for some time but as the effects
of these drugs and alcohol substances wear off, they are forced to face the same situations in
their lives again. But this causes major health problems for people. As aresult, itmust be
avoided to preserve people’s lives, as ithas become amajor issue (Livingston & Callinan,
2017) .As aresult, this essay will discuss the actual burden of this problem in Australia,
details of the social factors that influence people to consume such toxic substances, and
strategies that can be used to prevent people from using these toxic substances, as well as the
details of how those strategies are implemented.
The burden of the issue of drugs and alcohol consumption in Australia
The issue of drug and alcohol addiction has become aburden for Australia, as many
people are consuming drugs and alcohol, resulting in aslew of major illnesses and deaths.
According to current figures, people from the age of 14 are consuming alcohol and drugs
(“Alcohol, tobacco & other drugs in Australia, About -Australian Institute of Health and
Welfare”, 2022). In 2019, the percentage of people who were no longer drinkers climbed
from 7.6% to 8.9%. Alcohol accounted for nearly 1in 2(53 per cent) drug-related
hospitalizations in 2019 –20, according to an AIHW review of the National Hospital
Morbidity Database and itis also the leading cause of death, with roughly 1452 individuals
dying (“Alcohol, tobacco & other drugs in Australia, Alcohol -Australian Institute of Health
and Welfare”, 2022). According to asurvey conducted by National Drug Strategy Household
Survey (NDSHS), approximately 9million people or 43% people of the total population who
are the age of 14 years or above illegally use the drugs means consume the banned drugs. As
aresult of seeing the same data, itis to be stated that this increasing problem of consumption
of drugs can only be reduced by work as per effective strategies after considering all the
problems related to itas well (“Illicit drug use -Australian Institute of Health and Welfare”,
2022).
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Social determinants influence the people to consume alcohol and
drugs
Social determinants are elements that are apart of aperson’s life and have a
significant impact on aperson’s decision to consume alcohol or use other drugs. Family and
home life, mental health, school classmates, work and income are all social factors.
Firstly, the role of the family is extremely important in aperson’s life, especially during
childhood when achild requires the support of his or her family, but family members, despite
their best efforts to understand the child, abuse that child or are unable to comprehend the
conditions or changes that are occurring in the child’s life, can lead to that child’s
consumption of alcohol and other drug substances as they grow older (“Social determinants
Resources -Australian Institute of Health and Welfare”, 2021) .Further in addition to the role
of the family, school life in the life of aperson has also kept greater importance. As aschool
is aplace where achild learns the values of life, such as how to live alife of honesty and
good habits without becoming involved in any negative habits, itis the place where achild
learns the values of life. However, if the school climate is aggressive, and there is no
assistance from teachers or other responsible authorities, the chances of ayoungster
becoming involved in drug and alcohol consuming activities grows from this point forward
(Jongenelis et al., 2019) .
Sometimes aperson or achild has agood family or school from childhood, but a
result of mental health issues or the formation of mental health disorders as aresult of the
consumption of alcohol and other drugs substances, can lead to adopt the habit of consuming
alcohol or drug. Some people out of these mental health issues may also get the drugs by way
of self-medication (“Mental Health and Substance Use Co-Occurring Disorders”, 2021). And
at the last, work and income is the most common factor that causes people to consume
alcohol or use other drugs. When success is not achieved, or if aperson is unable to meet
their daily expenses or support the lives of their family members, this creates asense of guilt
in the life of such aperson, which leads to the consumption of alcohol and other drugs
substances, even though this is not asolution (Nagelhout et al., 2017) .
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Strategies and their implementation to prevent the use of drugs and
other alcohol substances
So, after considering the factors that can cause to increase the alcohol and drugs
consumption of the people there is the requirement of the proper strategy to improve the
situation by reducing the use of alcohol and drugs consumption. Two mitigating measures
can be utilised to limit drug and alcohol intake in people in this situation as first is educating
individuals about the risks and consequences of using alcohol and other substances. And
secondly by making changes and strict implementation of the law that deals with the
availability of these alcohol and other drug substances (“National Preventive Health Strategy”,
2022).
So, these are the measures that can be used to reduce the use of alcohol and other
psychoactive substances at both the official and personal levels. But this is not adequate;
merely enacting the approach is not enough, adequate implementation is also required. For
the implementation firstly, there is need of aprevention and harm reduction program. To
inform the public about the extent of harm caused by the consumption of alcohol and other
drug substances, proper programmes or policies must be implemented so that the public
understands that consuming drugs will not help them solve their problems, but will instead
cause unnecessary problems in terms of health, reputation, family health, and societal health.
And specifically in the case of youth, itwill deteriorate their future and their carrier goals as
well. Further there must also be apolicy for the strict implementation of the law. To ensure
that the law is effectively implemented, apolicy should be drafted that includes penalty
provisions for law enforcement officials who fail to adhere to the guidelines in astringent
manner to minimise the availability of alcohol and other illegal substances. In addition, the
law’s implementation policy should be closely monitored by the department’s trustworthy
personnel (“Prevention and harm reduction”, 2021).
Conclusion
As aresult of the discussion, itcan be concluded that the consumption of alcohol and
other drugs is increasing among the people of the country, negatively impacting their health
and quality of life. To preserve people’s lives, itis vital to prevent them from consuming
dangerous substances. However, this is not an easy task, since itcan only be accomplished
after appropriate planning and implementation. And, as part of developing the strategies, itis
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important to keep in mind that all of the possible causes for people consuming these drug
substances must be explored.
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References
Alcohol, tobacco & other drugs in Australia, About -Australian Institute of Health
and Welfare .Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Retrieved 3May 2022, from
https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol/alcohol-tobacco-other-drugs-
australia/contents/about .
Alcohol, tobacco & other drugs in Australia, Alcohol -Australian Institute of Health
and Welfare .Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Retrieved 3May 2022, from
https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/alcohol/alcohol-tobacco-other-drugs-
australia/contents/drug-types/alcohol#Hospitalisations .
de Goeij, M., Suhrcke, M., Toffolutti, V., van de Mheen, D., Schoenmakers, T., &
Kunst, A. (2015). How economic crises affect alcohol consumption and alcohol-related
health problems: A realist systematic review. Social Science &Amp; Medicine ,131 ,131-146.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.025
Illicit drug use -Australian Institute of Health and Welfare .Australian Institute of
Health and Welfare. (2022). Retrieved 3May 2022, from
https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/australias-health/illicit-drug-use .
Jongenelis, M., Pettigrew, S., Lawrence, D., & Rikkers, W. (2019). Factors
Associated with Poly Drug Use in Adolescents. Prevention Science ,20 (5), 695-704.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-019-00993-8
Livingston, M., & Callinan, S. (2017). Changing Attitudes to Alcohol in
Australia. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol And Drugs ,78 (6), 844-852.
https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2017.78.844
Mental Health and Substance Use Co-Occurring Disorders .Mentalhealth.gov. (2021).
Retrieved 3May 2022, from https://www.mentalhealth.gov/what-to-look-for/mental-health-
substance-use-
disorders#:~:text=This%20is%20because%3A,a%20form%20of%20self%2Dmedication .
National Preventive Health Strategy .Australian Government- Department of Health.
(2022). Retrieved 3May 2022, from
https://www.health.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/2021/12/national-preventive-health-
strategy-2021-2030_1.pdf .
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Nagelhout, G., Hummel, K., de Goeij, M., de Vries, H., Kaner, E., & Lemmens, P.
(2017). How economic recessions and unemployment affect illegal drug use: A systematic
realist literature review. International Journal Of Drug Policy ,44 ,69-83.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.03.013
Prevention and harm reduction .Health.vic.gov.au. (2021). Retrieved 3May 2022,
from https://www.health.vic.gov.au/aod-treatment-services/prevention-and-harm-reduction .
Social determinants Resources -Australian Institute of Health and Welfare .
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Retrieved 3May 2022, from
https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports-data/behaviours-risk-factors/social-determinants/resources .

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