Assignment Answers | The Occupation of the Graduate: CAR20001

Assignment Answers | The Occupation of the Graduate: CAR20001

Running head: FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Future work skills
Name of the student:
Name of the university:
Authors note:
1 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Section 1
T …

Preview text

Running head: FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Future work skills
Name of the student:
Name of the university:
Authors note:
1 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Section 1
The Occupation of the Graduate
1. Introduction
Occupation plays an important role in the life of people and Ifind myself having alot of
interest in the way people can find satisfaction, self-attainment as well as access to agood
way of living (Stal and Paliwoda-P ękosz 2019) .
My professional purpose statement:
To become aleader of my team, live abalanced life and try to make adifference.
Examples of the occupations which are find are in alignment with the statement is the
administrative services and facilities managers. In this role, Iwill be able to contribute my
strengths like benchmarking and setting up some goals, supervising the staffs, record keeping
as well as process improvement to the organisation (Jos éand Rodrigues 2018). The second
occupation which Ithink is aligned to the professional purpose statement is training and
development manager. In this occupation, Iwill be able to work in an organisation to provide
training as well as development to the new members of the staff, access the needs of the
workforce and manage the budget of the training program (Pohjolainen et al., 2018). The
third occupation is the computer and Information and communications technology manager.
In this occupation, Iwill be able to keep the hardware and software needs of the organisations
to run in asmooth manner. My work will be able to touch an integral network of executives
as well as employees and extend to an enormous as week as intricate web of customers.
In this particular report, I am going to focus on the career on Information and
communications technology (ICT) in business system.
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2. Job Description
Typical Tasks and Specialisations
Information and Communications Technology is the suite of technologies which
supports modern computing. ICT constitute all the technological resources as well as tools
which is used for communicating, creating, disseminating, string as well as managing
information of the computers along with the ones in the cloud.
Some of the typical tasks undertaken constitute:
ï‚· Making business more effective through efficiently and promptly responding to the
needs of customers.
ï‚· Provide assistance in business activities like manufacturing, research and
development, designing, distribution and sales as well as feedback.
ï‚· Decrease the demand for face to face communication and agreater dispersion of the
economic activity (Burov Bykov and Lytvynova 2020) .
ï‚· Facilitating the supply and accessing huge range of financial services.
There are six scientific fields specialisation in ICT:
ï‚· Artificial Intelligence
ï‚· Embedded systems and loT
ï‚· Computational Modelling
ï‚· ehealth
ï‚· Mobile and wireless communications
ï‚· Security and privacy, multimedia and e-Learning.
Employment Options
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IT professionals Australia signifies the ICT professionals across the complete
spectrum of specialisations as well as industries (Picatoste Pérez-Ortiz and Ruesga-Benito
2018) .The members work in ahuge variety of role comprising of the ICT trainers, ICT sales,
business as well as systems analysts ,multimedia specialists, software and applications
programmers, ICT security, web developers and many more through the labour hire agencies
and as consultants as well as contractors.
3. Entry requirements
Level of qualification and experience
 An AQF recognised bachelor ’s degree with an ICT major closely linked to the
nominated occupation will need 2years of experience in the last 10 years (Lin 2022) .
Skills and capabilities
ï‚· At first, the qualifications of the applicants will be accessed against the Australian
Qualification Framework (AQF) for ensuing that they are comparable to the standards
of Australian education
ï‚· Secondly, the qualification of the applicant will be analysed for determining the
content of ICT
ï‚· Thirdly, the analysis of the qualification of the applicant will be done for determining
the amount to experience that is needed to be evidenced.
Occupational labour market
The focus of the report is the Australian context.
Projected trend
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With respect to the trends and predictions in the ICT job market in Australia, the current
report suggests that the opportunities of jobs have increased. This is in accordance with the
ITCRA Employment Trends report for ICT (Alegr ía2021).
Reason for the trend
Due to the outbreak of the pandemic of COVOD-19, itis expected that more individual swill
continue to work from home in the future and there has been an increasing demand for
heightened cyber security, virtual collaboration software as well as cloud services (Moto et
al., 2018) .Therefore, there has been an increasing need of the ICT professionals.
5. Professional support
The Australian Information Industry Association (AIIA) is among the key professional
associations for the ICT sector of Australia. AIIA is anon profit organisation with the main
emphasis on advocacy, promotion as well as representation for acontinued expansion of the
ICT sector in the nation (Bu šeli ćand Ani čić2019) .
Section 2
The employer
1. Introduction
My Criteria
My Interest is in working in the business system in the field of Information and
Communication Technology. Iwant to work with some well known managers and business
men and also work with the organisations which make use of cutting edge technology. Iam
in search for an organisation which provides permanent options of employment as well
conditions of working which promotes workplace diversity, provides good wages, good
conditions of working as well as fair opportunities of career development. There is an
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alignment in between my work view as well as my professional purpose. The work and life
balance along with security of job is vital for me as one of my major interests is to make a
difference in the life of people (Suh and Hsieh 2019) .
2. The employer
Functions
Advanced Solutions International (ASI) is a well known international, industry
though leaders which concentrates on aiding the organisations, non-for-profits increase
financial as well as operational performance with the use of best practices, ongoing
advisement of the client as well as proven solutions along with millions of users all across the
world, both directly as well as indirectly by anetwork of around 100 partners as well as at
present maintaining corporate offices in the United States of America ,United Kingdom,
Australia as well as Canada (Wicht Reder and Lechner 2021).
Criteria fits
Advanced solutions International perfectly fits my criteria. ASI has provided service
to approximately 4000 clients all across the world. It will help me in becoming aleader of my
team, live abalanced life and try to make adifference. IT is believed by ASI that non profits
are performing is acritically important way to the world and provides software for helping
them in focusing on their mission, versus their technology (Akyazi et al., 2020) .Along with
the training, professional services, optimization, support and cloud, the organisation provides
software for association management, nonprofits CRM, public media, membership
management as well as unions.
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Platform of media as well as planning uses
ACI functions as a software organisation. The organisation designs as well as
develops platforms for membership, regulatory bodies, associations, rising of fund, unions as
well as public media. The organisation serves the clients all across the world.
Recruitment methods and requirements
As an employer, ASI knows the work-life balance and provides flexible hours of
working, options of telecommunications as well as different benefits for some eligible
associates. The organisation has been named aTop Workplace through the Austin American
Statesman as well as one of the Best Places to work in the United Kingdom as well as
Australia, as per the great place to work, seeking some passionate as well as highly motivated
candidates. The organisation has previously provided freelance as well as remote jobs with
full time, flexible schedules in management of account, development of software, customer
service, and development of software as well as philanthropy (advsol.com 2022) .Certain
remote jobs gives permission to the associates for working anywhere in the world, while
other have been open to some remote applicants across the United Kingdom, United States ,
Canada as well as some other nations.
Employer ’spriority
The mission of advanced solutions International is that that non profits are performing
is acritically important way to the world and provides software for helping them in focusing
on their mission, versus their technology. Along with the training, professional services,
optimization, support and cloud, the organisation provides software for association
management, nonprofits CRM, public media, membership management as well as unions.
The mission of the organisation is to keep the clients for life.
Information source Critique
7 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
My sources were the advanced solutions International website with an interview with
some of the employees already working in the organisation. Utilising the advanced solutions
International website signifies that the information of its platform as well as recruitment data
was reliable. Through interviewing the employees Igot to know that ASI knows the work-life
balance and provides flexible hours of working, options of telecommunications as well as
different benefits for some eligible associates.
Section 3
My plan
SMART Goal 1
Occupation
Actions for meeting goal 1
Taking part in some new activities for
building up leadership skills in the upcoming
6months
ï‚· Apply to work as an intern in an IT
organisation in the upcoming two
months
ï‚· Apply for aleadership role by the end
of this semester.
ï‚· Apply in advanced solutions
International by the end of this
month.
SMART goal 2
Industry networks as well as awareness
Actions for meeting goal 2
Self sourcing aprofessional internship in the
team of university career for the summer
term in the upcoming year
ï‚· Registering on the advanced solutions
International site and attending their
workshops for the self sourcing
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internships
ï‚· Prior to the end of this semester,
making a list of ICT manager ’s
contacts from every university site for
contacting about the internships.
9 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
References
advsol.com, 2022. Contact US – ASI . [online] Advsol.com. Available at:
[Accessed 21 April 2022].
Akyazi, T., Goti, A., Oyarbide, A., Alberdi, E. and Bayon, F., 2020. A guide for the food
industry to meet the future skills requirements emerging with industry 4.0. Foods ,9(4), p.492.
Alegr ía, Y.A.M., 2021. Learning Through Interactive Vicarious and Social Experiences, an
Alternative to Developing Teaching Training Processes in Ict Skills. In Telematics and
Computing: 10th International Congress, WITCOM 2021, Virtual Event, November 8-12,
2021, Proceedings (Vol. 1430, p. 196). Springer Nature.
Burov, O., Bykov, V. and Lytvynova, S., 2020, September. ICT Evolution: from Single
Computational Tasks to Modeling of Life. In ICTERI Workshops (pp. 583-590).
Bu Å¡eli ć,V. and Ani čić,K.P., 2019. Developing ICT students’ generic skills in higher
education: towards amodel for competence assessment and evaluation. In Central European
Conference on Information and Intelligent Systems (pp. 67-75). Faculty of Organization and
Informatics Varazdin.
Jos é,R. and Rodrigues, H., 2018, March. Ubiquitous Systems as a learning context to
promote innovation skills in ICT students. In World Conference on Information Systems and
Technologies (pp. 636-645). Springer, Cham.
Lin, T.Z., 2022. Past, present, and future of cybersecurity for ICT-professionals (Bachelor’s
thesis, University of Twente).
10 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Moto, S., Ratanaolarn, T., Tuntiwongwanich, S. and Pimdee, P., 2018. A Thai Junior High
School Students’ 21 st Century Information Literacy, Media Literacy, and ICT Literacy Skills
Factor Analysis. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning ,13 (9).
Picatoste, J., Pérez-Ortiz, L. and Ruesga-Benito, S.M., 2018. A new educational pattern in
response to new technologies and sustainable development. Enlightening ICT skills for youth
employability in the European Union. Telematics and Informatics ,35 (4), pp.1031-1038.
Pohjolainen, S., Nyk änen, O., Venho, J. and Kangas, J., 2018. Analysing and improving
students ’mathematics skills using ICT-tools. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and
Technology Education ,14 (4), pp.1221-1227.
Stal, J. and Paliwoda-P ękosz, G., 2019. Fostering development of soft skills in ICT curricula:
acase of atransition economy. Information Technology for Development ,25 (2), pp.250-274.
Suh, M. and Hsieh, G., 2019. The “Had Mores ”:Exploring korean immigrants ’information
behavior and ICT usage when settling in the United States. Journal of the Association for
Information Science and Technology ,70 (1), pp.38-48.
Wicht, A., Reder, S. and Lechner, C.M., 2021. Sources of individual differences in adults ’
ICT skills: A large-scale empirical test of a new guiding framework. PloS one ,16 (4),
p.e0249574.
11 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Appendix A
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Appendix B
13 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Appendix C
Interview Transcript ICT Job
Title: Job Interview
Position Title: Data analyst
Date of interview:
Q1. What are the major job responsibilities?
The major job responsibilities constitute the following:
ï‚· Making business more efficient by efficiently and promptly responding to the
Customer needs.
ï‚· Offering assistance in activities of business such as manufacturing, research and
development, designing, distribution and sales as well as feedback.
ï‚· Facilitating the supply as well as accessing big range of financial services
Q2. What are the learning opportunities in this position?
There is a lot of training, professional services, optimization, support and cloud, the
organisation provides software for association management, nonprofits CRM, public media,
membership management as well as unions. The mission is to keep the clients for life.
Q3. What are the qualifications needed?
An AQF known bachelor ’sdegree with an ICT major closely connected to the nominated
occupation will need 2years of experience in the last 10 years.
14 FUTURE WORK SKILLS
Q4. What are the contemporary technical trends followed in ICT?
In regards to the trends as well as predictions in the ICT job market in Australia, it is
suggested by the present report that the chances of jobs have increased. This is in accordance
with the ITCRA Employment Trends report for ICT.
Q5. What are the different roles?
The members work in abig range of role consisting of the ICT trainers, ICT sales,
business as well as systems analysts ,multimedia specialists, software and applications
programmers, ICT security, web developers and many more through the labour hire agencies
and as consultants as well as contractors.

Project Work Answers For Treating Opioid Addiction HDW204

Project Work Answers For Treating Opioid Addiction HDW204

Task Solutions-Value and Obesity Calorie Content :HLTH6050

Task Solutions-Value and Obesity Calorie Content :HLTH6050

1
Aging and the Older Adult
Name of Student
Department, University
Name of Course
Name of Professor
Date
2
Care for an elderly person
A prosp …

Preview text

1
Aging and the Older Adult
Name of Student
Department, University
Name of Course
Name of Professor
Date
2
Care for an elderly person
A prospective interviewer is a73-year-old female; she was referred to as June, not her
real name, for confidentiality. The respondent has ahistory of transient ischemic attack (TIA),
blood clots, and high blood pressure. The interviewee has had surgery before, including ahernia
in her groin. The interviewee is currently dealing with her life of chronic illness conditions such
as high blood pressure by taking medication (Akerman & Camargo Germani, 2022 ).Different
answers provided the process of interviewing the person in question provides alist of essential
details about how the respondent views herself and some of their core values. Features as a
philosophy of the interviewer’s life are crucial in allowing the interviewer to enter astory about
how he views life. The victim is an old member of their family, an essential factor in ensuring
the increase of luxury for all the negotiating process and creating an enabling environment in
which there is afree sharing of information required in the interrogation. According to the
interviewer, ameaningful life is one of the essential elements of eternal independence and the
preservation of some of his regular duties. She seems naturally optimistic about life despite her
assumptions many years in the world have allowed her to experience life and diversity ratings
(Akerman & Camargo Germani, 2022 ).
Cultural implications
Beliefs have informed many personal traditions discussed in the health and wellness
sector and health improvement activities. There was agrowing belief that health and well-being
depend mainly on the path each person manages their own body. Many health problems are
believed to be psychological how aperson thinks about something. When aperson tends to think
negatively about fashion, aperson may suffer from an illness (Allan, 2017 ).
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Some of the activities to promote healthcare are based on cultural influences in the light of
information collected throughout the interview process. The reality of aging goes hand in hand
with the need for one to focus on health-promoting activities as alast resort for good health.
Although activities such as daily engagement seem to be an organization avital part of the
interviewee’s life, the above are combined with the belief that maintaining apositive attitude is to
avoid human demise health status (Allan, 2017 ).Changes in eating habits are considered part of
promoting health. There has been aneed to avoid known food products ’impact on the pattern of
Obesity and Obesity due to their low nutritional value and obesity calorie content. The influence
of culture is reflected in the various factors that are believed to be responsible for it, contributing
to alonger and healthier life in the 73 years the interviewee has lived. Belief in God driving a
daily life is considered agift from God. There seems to be acultural impact on traditional use
foods and foods believed to have therapeutic properties. It turned out that most of the
conventional food products from the interviewer’s culture have many calories and are therefore
not supposed to be good for human health. Traditional remedies that are considered medicinal
benefits are part of the study culture. One such remedy is ginger for pain and fever (Basco,
2022 ).
Functional assessment
The approaches, Tinetti balance and Gait testing, focus on staying balanced, rising from
the chair, balancing to stand up quickly, turning, and sitting down. The three different points
came up withed at equal rates in both the balance and the foot test. The average score on the
balance test was 11 out of 15 and 9out of 13 points on the gait test. The total number of points
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was 19. Experimental findings indicate the presence of the intermediate risk of title collapse
(Basco, 2022 ).
In the Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living, itwas found that the elderly individual
was like very independent. A high degree of independence was demonstrated in daily life
activities such as bathing, using the toilet, transferring, and dressing. Similarly, the food and
continence components were well made independently interviewed. For example, incontinence, a
topic can be well managed to urinate and urinate entirely on your own (Bhaskaran, 2021 ).He
would eat alone outside, needing any help to eat appropriately.
On the contrary, home safety tests showed ahigh level of security for the person in
question. Both places security and conditions of satisfactory delivery of information. Type of
home and home-based resources provide an example of increased study security at home. The
elderly individual’s Barthel Index had ahigh score of 93, indicating ahigh degree of autonomy in
the various components tested (Bhaskaran, 2021 ).
Related changes with age
The interviewee did very well compared to the expected changes due to her 73-year-old
age. Although the elderly individual had several balance and mobility problems, atotal of 19
points put her at risk of falling in the middle. The above is different for most people at this age,
where the risk of their falls is expected to be too high. The level of independence based on the
various assessments has been excellent for 73 years old. The above is based on the idea that this
is the majority (Foushee, 2021 ).
Issues identified
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The main items realized in the review are related to the measurement step by step
subject movement. The topics related to the interviewer’s perception will make the most of the
unequal steps during the experiment in three research efforts to check. It was also identified that
the elderly individual had support problems where his heels were separately for the most part.
The fourth and final issue is set out in the book the challenges posed in self-improvement and the
bladder, where the interviewee seemed to need some support. In one study, incidents of accidents
from time to time were revealed (Fox, 2017 ).
Health alterations
Life changes include poor balance, bladder problems, and dependence on others in
performing specific tasks due to old age. The balance problem increases the risk of falls. In
contrast, mutations can cause significant changes in one person ’sissues in the subject’s life.
Other fluctuations are possible (Fox, 2017 ).
Caused by the tubes’ closure where accidents occur and bladder problems. Although
dependence is not directly related to health conversion, itaffects the subject’s life in various
ways (Fox, 2017 ).
Interventions
The first intervention involves exercise. The performance of the proposed tests will play
an essential role in addressing the balance of the subject. It is also important for the elderly
person to eat adiet rich in calcium to help increase the growth and firmness of his bones to avoid
unnecessary health problems. One should also consider avoiding wearing high-heeled shoes. A
second intervention to learn how to relax and manage stress can improve your emotional and
physical health and lower your blood pressure (Fredman, 2021 ).Strategies to control stress
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include exercise, listening to music, concentrating on something calm or peaceful, and
meditation. Thirdly, to help manage her blood pressure, she should reduce the amount of sodium
(salt) she eats and increases the amount of potassium in her diet. It is also essential to eat alow-
fat diet and plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet plan is an example of
adiet plan that can help you lower your blood pressure (Fredman, 2021 ).Forth, Obesity or
Obesity may increase the risk of high blood pressure. Maintaining ahealthy weight can help
control high blood pressure and reduce the risk of other health problems. Fifth, smoking surges
pressure in the blood and raises the risk of cardiovascular attack and stroke. If the elderly
individual does not smoke, they should not start. If he smokes, Iadvise him to talk to his
healthcare provider for help in finding the best way to quit (Fredman, 2021 ).
There was aneed to employ the use of several resources or nursing diagnoses to ensure
June’s health was in the check and that she aged gracefully without any further complications:
Came up with an approach the handle the elderly
The expert nurse can identify health glitches and other elderly individual-related
problems and come up with an individualized approach the handling the elderly to decrease the
danger of emergencies and alternative arrangements. The individual approach the handle the
elderly provides an opportunity to evaluate the effect of the steps taken, among other things, on
home or telephone visits (Gareau, 2021 ).The approach the handling the elderly may include
issues related to physical fitness, vision, hearing, pain, nutrition, thinking ability, and elimination
activities. It may consist of questions about relatives, social media, and how the elderly
individual handles various events. Some experts have suggested that the individual’s plan for
caring for the elderly could be applicable to lessen the menace of complications and visits to care
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health centers designed for alternative cases by identifying who requires what accomplishment
and by being able to identify dissimilar difficulties before they came up withed to be serious
about treatment at home. Interviews also exhibited that ambulance facilities and hospitalization
had declined once care for individual programs was conventional (Gareau, 2021 ).
Those who have had home-based care previously hospitalized are elderly individuals at
serious menace for alternative care visits and well-being. The type of danger in this elderly
cluster may be condensed through acare strategy on an individualized basis, which permits the
nurse to diagnose and achieve issues before they become so serious that an urgent visit may be
recommended. Strategy and approach for care to be followed, for instance, when an elderly are at
risk of atumble, to avoid pursuing treatment at care places for alternative cases (George, 2015).
Understanding the level of knowledge
The elderly may pursue care after ignoring guidance from RNs or after being cleared
from the hospital before obtaining medical authorization to do so. To some extent, this outline is
adisappointment in amicably teaching elderly individuals the appropriate support and help they
deserve to be given (Gunawardane, 2020 ). Others may decline treatment and care in-home care,
families, and groups of consultants and then hunt for alternative medical places and reappear to
the hospital because they could not manage care by themselves. Training and informing elderly
individuals strengthen their ability for care and statistics, and agrowing capacity to use that
information gained to impact their health may avoid visits to alternative healthcare
(Gunawardane, 2020 ).
Teaching or training
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According to Madhav Publishing, health experts can educate elderly individuals to
help them find approaches to advance better behaviors that improve well-being. Educating
elderly individuals and their families on how to provide upkeep for themselves, manage the
disease and use resources effectively make them accountable and be in aposition to tackle social
and health support, which is valuable to health and leads to healthier healthcare. It is also critical
to refer elderly individuals suitably to fitting socio-healthcare services to tell the turning point for
acrisis or if the situation deteriorates. An affected elderly person may need the support of an
experienced nurse to learn about these services because elderly individuals drive to have
questions about how the system of care works and how they can better practice existing
healthcare, such as, when visiting the elderly individual at home by the doctor. The elderly can
also learn what situations call for an ambulance and pursue paramedics, such as leaflets left with
elderly individuals. Alternatively, elderly individuals may not be aware of what kind of care to
pursue and from time to time have official visits to alternative care places when they do not
necessarily have gone to. Madgav Publishing’s research study backed the thought.
Depending on where June lives, government programs such as Medicaid may be able to
help care for her. By contacting the relevant authorities about relief programs to help manage the
day-to-day running costs of aged care. Imake sure that the adult Ihelp gets all the benefits they
deserve. Irecommend the National Council on Aging, afree service to help decide which
programs are available for both June and loved ones (Scheiner, 2015a ).
When Idecided to talk to June, Icontacted aprofessional medical expert who would take
care of her at home before she was released from the home. Be sure to ask questions like these:
What types of services are you offering?
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How much do your expenses cost?
How often are you taking care of patients like June?
What kind of training do you offer your patients?
Imade sure to inquire about all the right things before signing. Also, ask what kind of
services they believe June will need. Seeing whether aqualified professional exam is compatible
or not can mean how well Idid or did well in assessing the June needs.
The first thing that needed to be done was to assess the needs of June. Steps taken in planning for
the future depend on how much you need help.
In an interview with one of the children, Iasked to find out if she found out that her
parent needed help with personal hygiene and mobility? In this situation, the mother will need
extra attention and energy if they are simply forgetful and lonely. Think about what help he
thought his mother needed (Scheiner, 2015b ).Iwas convinced that he was really in his thinking.
If you overreact to your mother’s difficulties, the family may spend less and less money on you.
But they are also ignoring her problems, and therefore, they may not be able to get enough
support from their parent. This means they will continue to struggle, which he wants to avoid
(Scheiner, 2015b ).
Interviews with adults in this scenario highlight the need for health improvement in
home-based care (Scheiner, 2015b ). Nevertheless, health expert is often unable to adequately
perform health improvement because other activities, such as resolving complex problems or
emergencies, are critical. In the same manner, investments in health improvement are more
effective in the national economy than in medical and rehabilitation services (Scheiner, 2015a ).
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Improvement activities in basic care reduce the number of hospitalizations, and our research
shows asimilar effect among home-based elderly individuals (Scheiner, 2015b ).
A significant factor in successful health improvement is the individual healthcare
system. Just making aplan reduces the risk of visiting alternative places and hospitalization
because everyone is considered when the program is made. Additionally, coming up withing this
program allows the nurse to educate the elderly individual, which is essential in enhancing
changes in behavior and ensuring appropriate health resources are used (Sterling, 2021 ).
Health improvement is reinforced by teams of many specialists working together.
Collaboration between medical experts has been proved by the World Health Organization, as
speculated by (Sterling, 2021 ),as an essential part of health improvement work and absconding
appointments to alternative care places. For health improvement work, health expert needs to
work with other health experts because home care cannot fully commit to promoting health
(Sterling, 2021 ).health expert needs to get acquainted with other healthcare health experts, how
and when to communicate with other health experts, and what elderly individuals experience in
their daily routine may be able to subsidize certainly to the elderly individual’s health. Having a
comprehensive local knowledge of the resources available provides an opportunity to assist
elderly individuals (Sterling, 2021 )fully.
Strengths and limitations
They can be complications if the elderly individual does not pursue help but would
like to deal with daily life. An elderly individual of such akind may not receive the support we
need, and the health expert will have difficulty opposing the elderly individual’s will and
changing circumstances. In this scenario, education may help the elderly individual see the
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benefits of assistance, which should also reduce the use of alternative care for the elderly
(Sterling, 2021 ).
The technique was revealed to be operative, as itwas permissible for us to receive
lessons in dissimilar ways, and using the recommended interview Audit master allowed us to
review all topics in asimilar pattern (Sterling, 2021 ).
A good number of interventions have been conducted in Canada, the conclusion was that
Canada is at the lead in exploring elderly individuals caring for the elderly and tasks for
healthcare improvement (Sterling, 2021 ).The home-based care is an excellent place to care for
the elderly because families can be present and have them up with the day-to-day care of the
elderly, giving the elderly asense of security and safety, veracity, and participation in medical
perspective (Sterling, 2021 ).
Implications and conclusion
Research on the significance of thwarting visits to adult alternative care places shows
visits can be prohibited when affected roles are cared for at home. Applying well-being
preferment to home-based care is vital in solidification elderly individuals’ self-care capability
and enhancing the acquaintance of their health, which gives them better chances to choose their
care (Svetlana, 2015 ). By presenting them with information and obligation, we brace their
confidence and sense of safety and hope that they will be able to stay in their home for along
period. The outcome also shows that visits to alternative care places can be disallowed, save both
human and social services, and perhaps even reduce the risk of failing healthcare because scarcer
health experts will be involved in care for elderly individuals (Svetlana, 2015 ).
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More examination is needed on preventing alternative visits to elderly individuals
aged 73 and above in the care places. Older people with multimorbidity have an intricate need
for the provision of healthcare, and health preferment is not apriority for this elderly individual
group. The examination could be in the form of intervention education in which the nurse expert
could use astandard an approach the handle the elderly king tool (a document that would be re-
evaluated after visiting alternative care places), including evidence about what type of care they
received, what elderly individuals need care, and the number of alternative clinic visits. Elderly
individuals and medical experts can be educated about health advancements. Their data can be
tested with questions that ask, for instance, whether they know what to do when precise
symptoms seem to appear and where to pursue support (Svetlana, 2015 ).Expert nurse in-home
care knows how this function is performed and can help advance more operative ways of using
health raise to enhance the health and daily life of home-based affected role (Svetlana, 2015 ).
References
Akerman, M., & Camargo Germani, A. C. (Eds.). (2022). International handbook of teaching
and learning in health improvement: Practices and reflections from around the
world (1st ed.). Springer Nature.
Allan, D. (2017). Medical language for modern healthcare .McGraw-Hill.
Basco, R. C. (2022). Medical language for modern healthcare (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.
Bhaskaran, A. (2021). Being acarer for an elderly person .Independently Published.
13
Foushee, D. (2021). Elderly care: The simple guide to caring for elderly people: Eaderly person
caregiving easy guide .Independently Published.
Fox, N. (2017). Lessons in leadership for person-centered elder care .Health Professions Press.
Fredman, S. (2021). Understanding modern healthcare: The wonders we created and the
potholes we dug .Steve Fredman.
Gareau, N. (2021). Caring for the elderly: Nursing tips & resources: Eaderly person caregiving
way .Independently Published.
George, L. (2015). Alternative preparedness plan: A workbook for medical experts, persons with
disabilities, the elderly and others: Alternative preparedness plan: Workbook for medical
experts, persons with disabilities, the elderly and others .Createspace Independent
Publishing Platform.
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care giver client tracking address & appointment book with A to Zalphabetic tabs to
record personal customer information (157 pages) .Independently Published.
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to: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.
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to: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.
14
Sterling, J. (2021). The contradiction the contradiction: Organizational nursing today with the
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Assignment Answers of Effective Management of Foot- POD415

Assignment Answers of Effective Management of Foot- POD415

Running head: Pod415
Name of the Student :
Name of the University :
Author No te:
1 Literature -Re view
Theme 1: What …

Preview text

Running head: Pod415
Name of the Student :
Name of the University :
Author No te:
1 Literature -Re view
Theme 1: What is the Intrinsic Worth?
Introduction
The healthcare delivery is evolving with the in creasing advancement in the techniq ue s
and evidentia l based approaches. The approach of Evidence -based practice (EBP) is identifie d
as the key element that would help in developing the problem -solving approach in enhanc in g
the optimal clinica l practices th at would empower the delivery of patient’s care (Horntvedt et
al., 2018) . Impleme nting EBP is also considered as a cost -effective practice that is the
significa nt benefic iaries for the healthcare settings or organisatio ns (Iowa et al., 2017) . The
intrinsic foot muscles have an adequate role in stabilising the foot and provide the effec tive
support to the arches. It helps in fine and adequate movement of the toes. Effective manage me nt
of foot is essential as there are certain severe health condition that may have impact on the
health condition (Barbosa , Huchita l & Weiss, 2020 ). Foot deformity is the kind of issue tha t
may impose significa nt pain and also develop harm to the patients. It is generally considere d
as the misalignme nt of bones and joints. Appropri ate foot care is important and injuries as we ll
as disorders should be address (Boakye, Uzosike & Bluma n, 2021 ). Plantar pressure
distributio n analysis is understood to develop the evaluatio n and diagnosis for the various foo t
disorders along with the reli able approaches in improving the health outcome. Plantar fasciit is
is identified as the key issue that is the result of infla mmatio n of fibrous tissue (Hawryla k ,
Brzeźna & Chromik, 2021 ). It imposes severe pain to the patient and need immed iate treatme nt
approach. The paper aims to develop the evidence -based research focusing on enhancing the
effective ness of foot manageme nt that would focus on the intrinsic muscle strengthe n in g
activities.
2 Literature -Re view
Methods
The literature review would develop the method of screening the research articles or
peer -reviewed journal articles that would help in addressing the key research questions and
addressing the key outcome within the process (Linares -Esp inó s et al., 2018) . The electro nic
database such as PubMed, Medline and Google Scholars are used as they are identified as the
reliable electronic databases that would help in providing numerous research articles based on
the research topic (Pati & Lorusso, 2018 ). The search strategy would include the usage of
Boolean operato rs and effective keyword search strategy. The Boolean operators will inc lud e
‘And’, ‘Or’ as well as “Not” as these will help in narrowing and widening the search (Raeisi,
Rarani & Soltani, 2019 ). The keyword such as “intrinsic foot muscles”, “manage me nt of foot”,
“muscle strengthe ning activities” as well as “ plantar fasciitis ” will be used to identify the
research articles or journal papers aiming to address the aim of the research. The research will
focus on developing the evidentia l based approach to iden tify the importance and effective ne ss
of conventio na l biomecha nica l therapies of intrinsic muscle strengthe ning activitie s to mana ge
the foot health and reduces any potential health issues associated with it. The papers will be
excluded if the published da te exceeds more than 5 -years, and if the content is unable to access
fully with English language. The papers will be includ ed if it is associated with the aim and
requireme nt of the research (Siddaway , Wood & Hedges, 2019 ). The collected data will be
prese nted and analysed in thematic analysis approach within the result section of the paper.
The thematic analysis is effective as it helps in identifying the pattern and interpreting the key
findings for the research.
Results
The literature review has identif ied five research articles that has developed theme s.
The identified and developed key themes are the patterns that have been identified from the
3 Literature -Re view
research in understanding towards the effective ness of foot exercise in manageme nt of foot and
enhancing the p lantar fasciitis distributio n.
Be ne fit to stre ngthe n the intrinsic foot muscle s
The first chosen article “ Strength training for plantar fasciitis and intrinsic foot
musculature: A Systematic Rev iew ” and it has discussed the strength of training interven t i o n
that would improve the overall foot musculature strengths (Huffer et al., 2017) . The paper has
identified the signific a nt changes with the imple me nta tio n of training that strengths the foo t
muscles. The sedentary middle -aged patients, elderly groups wit h continua l deterioratio n of
their physical health and other chronic disease such as diabetes have affected the poor hea lth
condition of the foot care manageme nt. Therefore, effective strategies and development of
strengthe ning the training interve ntio n is an effective in developing strength in the treatme nt
of plantar fasciitis as well as improvin g the intrinsic foot musculature.
Effe cts of Short -Foot Exe rcise
The second chosen article “ Effects of short -foot ex ercises on foot posture, pain,
disability, an d plantar pressure in pes planus ” represents that there has been positive impa c t
on the manageme nt of foot with the effects of short -foot exercise (Unver, Erdem & Akbas,
2019 ). The exercise was provided for six -weeks and it has the signific a nt impact and b enefic ia ls
to the overall health outcome. It has been found that the exercise and activities have reduce d
the foot pain, followed by navicular drop and disability. The plantar pressures were also
identified and assessed at the end of provisio n of exercise. The plantar pressure has also
improved with effective distributio n. The health conditio n that is affecting the foot disabilit y
would be managed with effective ness of foot. The exercise was associated with the intrin s ic
foot muscles where the participants or responders were identified as the double -leg stanc e
position.
4 Literature -Re view
Another journal article “ Plantar fasciitis ” that has also developed the signific a nt
outcome that strengthe ning the muscle and exercise will improve the overall quality of
movement (Trohian et al., 2019 ). The paper has identified the key issues or problems that it is
common conditio n that are most common among the people with higher body mass index and
people who have the lifestyle or habit for prolonged period of time. Pain is identified as the
major key concerning element for patient as it need adequate treatment approach in reduc ing
the poor health status. Stretching or strengthening intrinsic muscle is an effective preventive
measure. The article has identified the relevancy of strength t raining program that would help
in improving and encouraging the health conditio ns. The exercise and effective stretc hin g
approaches are considered as key solutio n in improving the quality of life among the patients.
The fourth chosen article “ effects of p lantar intrinsic foot muscle strengthening ex ercise
on static and dynamic foot k inematics: A pilot randomised controlled single -blind trial in
indiv iduals with pes planus ” and the paper has evaluated the effective ne ss towards the impa c t
on short -foot exerc ise that would help in managing the foot (Okamura et al., 2020) . There has
been outcome that although the exercise has slighter impact however, have corrected the static
foot alignme nt. It has been that continua l involve me nt and association with the short -te rm
exercise would prevent potential injuries along with other condition associated with the pes
planus alignme nt. It has been found that there has been positive result to the patient with the
association of foot kinematic s during the gait.
Importance of Foot He alth
The article “ Impact of quality of life related to foot problems: a case -controlled study ”
have identified the relevanc y of the foot problems associated with the quality of life (López –
López et al., 2021) . Foot plays the major role in manageme nt of posture and ambulat io n.
Therefore, they are identified and considered as the major role in defining the independenc y of
5 Literature -Re view
the individ ua ls. The general health of foot and physica l activities for improving the foot hea lth
is important as it further deterioratio n may develop the deformities within the feet that ma y
impact on the overall health condition.
Discussion -Relevancy to Contemporary Podiatric Practice
Podiatric practice is associated with effective approach of managing, diagnosing and
providing the significa nt treatment to the foot disability and other health issue with the lowe r
extremity. It has been understood that the intrinsic muscles of the foot are responsible for the
overall extensio n and movement of the foot (Miner & Vlahovic, 2020 ). Therefore, there is a
significa nt approach to manage and improve the health condition of the foot. To activate and
strengthe ning the intrinsic foot muscles is identified as the evidentia l based approach as it help s
in imp roving the health condition of intrinsic foot muscles. The exercise strengthe ns and
provide the needful supports to the arch of the foot and it is the major key element for walk ing
and running. Workouts with stretches and other approaches such as short -ter m exercise have
the positive impact on improving the health condition of strength (Fuchs et al., 2020) . It has
been found that the plantar fasciitis is identified and consider as the key contributory ele me nt
towards poor health conditio n. It results in inf la mmato ry that also results in pain to the areas
and enhancing the preferences and factors. Over the time, it has found that the plantar fasciit is
is identified as the major health issue and if it is left untreated, it has been found that it will
result in unexpected pain in heel, knee and back (Feldman et al., 2019) . Thus, it will not limit
only on the foot however, it will have impact on the other pain areas. Therefore, it has been
found that there the weakness in intrinsic foot muscles would have poor im pact on the overa ll
patients in managing their foot. People associated with obese or overweight are considered as
the vulnerab le group of people (Lechle itne r et al., 2019) . People diagnosed with the planta r
fasciitis also identified as vulnerab le with the weaknesses in the intrinsic foot muscles.
6 Literature -Re view
Short foot exercises are identified as the key element that would help in enhancing the overa ll
arch muscles and stretch on the foot. The protection and adequate preventive approaches are
identified as the key elem ent that would help in improving the overall health conditio n and
general health of foot. In addition to exercise and foot activities, it has been found that the
minima list usage of shoe while running and imple me nting the barefoot would help in
improving t he intrinsic foot muscle activities (Rusu et al., 2021) . Although the exercise and
strengthe ning of intrinsic muscle is identified as the conventio na l and evidentia l based
approaches for managing the health, the strengthening program can also include all t hese in
enhancing the health outcome within the researches. It has been found that the human foot is
considered as the complex structure, which permits it to serve numerous differe nt capacitie s.
During standing, it gives our base of help. During stride, th e foot should be steady at foot -strik e
and push -off. Notwithstand ing, during mid -support, the foot should turn into a versa tile
connector and weaken loads. It likewise has spring -like attributes, putting away and delive r in g
flexib le energy with each foot -strike (Ahsan, Shanab & Nuhmani, 2021 ). This is achie ve d
through the deformity of the curve, which is constrained by characteristic and outward foo t
muscles.
Gaps in Literature Review
The gaps identified in the literature review is the sample size is low a nd may impact on
the reliability on the imple me nta tio n. All the selected and identified research articles were not
developed or based on the similar study settings or locations. It may have impact on the
imple me ntatio n and acceptance of the interve ntio n wi thin the study. The literature review has
developed based on the collected informatio n from the research articles and therefore, have the
significa nt beneficiarie s on the improve me nt. Further research and understand ing of the overa ll
effective ness of exerc ise program is needed.
7 Literature -Re view
Conclusion
From the above discussio n, it can be concluded that the imple me ntatio n and
development of foot exercise have the positive impact on the overall manageme nt of foot. The
exercise was associated with the intrinsic foot muscles where the participants or respon ders
were identified as the double -leg stance position. The enhanceme nt and development of planta r
intrinsic foot muscle pressure distributio n have been observed. The intrinsic foot muscles have
an adequate role in stabilising the foot and provide the effe ctive support to the arches. It help s
in fine and adequate movement of the toes. Effective manageme nt of foot is essential as there
are certain severe health condition that may have impact on the health conditio n. The paper has
developed the key evidentia l approaches that would help in enhancing the podiatric practic e s
in improving the health outcome. The key findings will be used within the podiatric practice as
it is an evidentia l based findings and have the significa nt impact on the manageme nt and
treatm ent of foot deformity and other health issues associated with the foot. The trainin g
program is important that would help in enhancing the knowledge of the care providers in
imple me nting the practices and improving the overall health conditio n. The foot co re syste m
is identified as the core system that need significa nt attention and manageme nt for impro v in g
the quality of life. It has been found that poor manageme nt and ineffective ness in the care of
foot will result in poor condition of health outcome and increasing consequences with the foo t
disability and deformities. The tool of training program and short -foot exercise would be
effective in developing the quality of mobility and enhancing the relativity of quality in
enhancing the movement among the pati ents associated with the health issue.
8 Literature -Re view
References
Ahsan, M., Shanab, A. A., & Nuhmani, S. (2021). Plantar Pressure Distrib utio n Amo ng
Diabetes and Healthy Participants: A Cross -sectional Study. International journal of
prev entiv e medicine , 12 , 88. https://do i.o rg/10.4103 /ijp vm.IJPVM_257_20
Barbosa, P., Huchita l, M. J., & Weiss, J. J. (2020). Empathy in Podiatric Medical Educatio n :
Challenges and Opportunities for Comprehensive Care. Journal of the American
Podiatric Medical Association , 110 (5), Arti cle_12. https://do i.org/10.75 47/18 -187
Boakye, L. A., Uzosike, A. C., & Bluma n, E. M. (2021). Progressive Collapsing Foot
Deformity: Should We Be Staging It Differe ntly?. Foot and ank le clinics , 26 (3), 417 –
425. https://do i.org/10.1016/j. fc l.2021.06.002
Fel dman, E. L., Callagha n, B. C., Pop -Busui, R., Zochodne, D. W., Wright, D. E., Bennett, D.
L., Bril, V., Russell, J. W., & Viswanatha n, V. (2019). Diabetic neuropathy. Nature
rev iews. Disease primers , 5(1), 41. https://do i.org/10.1038/s41572 -019 -0092 -1
Fuch s, M., Hermans, M., Kars, H., Hendriks, J., & van der Steen, M. C. (2020). Plantar pressure
distributio n and wearing characteristic s of three forefoot offloading shoes in hea lthy
adult subjects. Foot (Edinburgh, Scotland) , 45 , 101744.
https://do i.org/10.10 16/j. foot.2020.101744
Hawrylak, A., Brzeźna, A., & Chromik, K. (2021). Distributio n of Plantar Pressure in Soccer
Players. International journal of env ironmental research and public health , 18 (8),
4173. https://do i.org/10.3390/ije rp h18084173
Horntvedt, M. T., Nordsteien, A., Fermann, T., & Severinsson, E. (2018). Strategies fo r
teaching evidence -based practice in nursing education: a thematic litera t ure
9 Literature -Re view
review. BMC medical education , 18 (1), 172. https:/ /do i.org/10.1186/s12909 -018 –
1278 -z
Huffer, D., Hing, W., Newton, R., & Clair, M. (2017). Strength training for plantar fasciit is
and the intrinsic foot musculature : A systematic review. Physical Therapy in Sport , 24 ,
44 -52. http://d x.do i.org/10.1016/j.ptsp .2016.08.008
Iowa Model Collaborative, Buckwalter, K. C., Cullen, L., Hanrahan, K., Kleiber, C.,
McCarthy, A. M., Rakel, B., Steelman, V., Tripp -Reimer, T., Tucker, S., & Authore d
on behalf of the Iowa Model Collaborative (2017). Iowa Model of Evidence -Ba s e d
Practice: Revisio ns and Validatio n. Worldv iews on ev idence -based nursing , 14 (3),
175 –182. https://do i.org/10.1111/wvn.12223
Lechleitner, M., Abrahamia n, H., Francesconi, C., Kofler, M., Sturm, W., & Köhler, G. (2019).
Diabetische Neuropathie und diabeti scher Fuß (Update 2019) [Diabetic neuropathy and
diabetic foot syndrome (Update 2019)]. Wiener k linische Wochenschrift , 131 (Suppl 1),
141 –150. https://do i.org/10.1007/s00508 -019 -1487 -4
Linares -Esp inós, E., Hernández, V., Domíngue z -Escrig, J. L., Fernández -Pello, S., Hevia, V.,
Mayor, J., Padilla -Ferná nde z, B., & Ribal, M. J. (2018). Methodology of a systema t ic
review. Metodología de una revisió n sistemátic a. Actas urologicas espanolas , 42 (8),
499 –506. https://do i.org/10.1016/j.ac uro.2018.01.010
López -López, D., Pérez -Ríos, M., Ruano -Ravina, A., Losa -Iglesias, M. E., Becerro -de –
Bengoa -Vallejo, R., Romero -Morales, C., … & Navarro -Flores, E. (2021). Impact of
quality of life related to foot problems: A case –control study. Scientific Reports , 11 (1),
1-6. https ://do i.o rg/10.1038 /s41598 -021 -93902 -5
10 Literature -Re view
Miner, S. A., & Vlahovic, T. C. (2020). Perceptions of the Podiatric Medicine Profession: A
Survey of Medical Students in Philadelp hia, Pennsylva nia. Journal of the American
Podiatric Medical Association , 110 (5), Artic le_10. https://do i.org/10.75 47/18 -100
Okamura, K., Fukuda, K., Oki, S., Ono, T., Tanaka, S., & Kanai, S. (2020). Effects of planta r
intrinsic foot muscle strengthening exercise on static and dynamic foot kinematics: A
pilot randomized controlled single -b li nd trial in individ ua ls with pes planus. Gait &
posture , 75 , 40 -45. https://do i.o rg/10.1016 /j. ga itpost.2019.09.030
Pati, D., & Lorusso, L. N. (2018). How to Write a Systematic Review of the
Literature. HERD , 11 (1), 15 –30. https://do i.o rg/10.1177 /1937586717 747384
Raeisi, A., Rarani, M. A., & Soltani, F. (2019). Challenges of patient handover process in
healthcare services: A systematic review. Journal of education and health
promotion , 8, 173. https://do i.org/10.4103 /je hp. je hp_460_18
Rusu, L., Paun, E., Mari n, M. I., Hemanth, J., Rusu, M. R., Calina, M. L., Bacanoiu, M. V.,
Danoiu, M., & Danciule sc u, D. (2021). Plantar Pressure and Contact Area
Measurement of Foot Abnormalities in Stroke Rehabilitatio n. Brain sciences , 11 (9),
1213. https://do i.org/10.3390/b ra insc i11091213
Siddaway, A. P., Wood, A. M., & Hedges, L. V. (2019). How to Do a Systematic Review: A
Best Practice Guide for Conducting and Reporting Narrative Reviews, Meta -Analyse s,
and Meta -Synthe ses. Annual rev iew of psychology , 70 , 747 –770.
https://do i.org/10.1146/a nnure v -psyc h -010418 -102803
Trojian, T., & Tucker, A. K. (2019). Plantar fasciitis. American family physician , 99 (12), 744 –
750. https://www.aa fp.org/a fp/2019 /0615/p744. html
11 Literature -Re view
Unver, B., Erdem, E. U., & Akbas, E. (2019). Effects of short -foot exercises on foot posture ,
pain, disability, and plantar pressure in Pes Planus. Journal of sport
rehabilitation , 29 (4), 436 -440. https://do i.org/10.1123/jsr.2018 -0363

Assessment Answers of Recover Oriented Practice: HSW1110

Assessment Answers of Recover Oriented Practice: HSW1110

Running head: RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
Recover-oriented practice
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
1 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRA …

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Running head: RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
Recover-oriented practice
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
1 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
Introduction:
Recover-oriented practice (RoP) is at the core of healthcare for people with mental
health issues that focuses on the personal journey of people living with mental ailment. RoP
is based on the principles of involving the person and their orientation. By following these
principles, the practice aims at supporting individuals to gain asatisfactory and meaningful
life through the promotion of personal goal-attainment, social inclusion, relationships that are
supportive and promotion of hope (Waldemar et al., 2016; Chester et al., 2016). Recovery-
oriented practice focuses on the individual ’slife and is not restricted to their mental health
conditions or symptoms. The approach is personalised and aims at allowing individuals to
gain back the control of their lives that does not primarily involve living with their symptoms
(NSW, 2022).
Discussion:
Theoretical understanding :
a. The difference between recovery-oriented practice and traditional medical model of care is
that the traditional care approach places the “abnormal ”behaviour within aperson, claiming
that the issue is caused due to an internal factor in the individual which causes the problems
in an individual ’sbehaviour, on the other hand, the recovery approach focuses on the support
from the professionals, peers and empowers the individual to overcome their condition (Farre
& Rapley, 2015). The traditional medical model of care remained restricted to the illness or
disease that is present in an individual whereas the recovery-oriented approach of care
includes the psychosocial approach to care without disregarding the advantages of biomedical
approach- this provides the opportunity of providing care to the patients through the
standpoint of disease in addition to the social and psychological information that is also given
equal importance during the care provision (Farre & Rapley, 2015). The traditional medical
2 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
care approach focused on resolution of the symptoms which did not provide improvement in
the psychological condition of the individual; the recovery-oriented approach shifted the
focus of care to emphasize on the control of issues and resilience in the life of the patient.
Moreover, the recovery-oriented practice dismisses only treating or management of the
presented symptoms and focuses on supporting the individuals in emotional distress and
builds resilience of those with mental health conditions (Jacob, 2015).
b. The Framework for recovery-oriented practice (Department of Health, 2011), states its
purpose as referring to the unique personal experience, journey or process that is defined and
lived by each individual with respect to their health and wellbeing. In addition, it also
recognises the role of mental health facilities in creating an environment that supports and
does not interrupt people ’sefforts on their journey to recovery. Moreover, the purpose of the
Framework is to provide broad guidance to the service leaders and individual healthcare
workers across different disciplines and settings of healthcare (Department of Health, 2011).
The Victorian specialist mental health workforce’s work should be guided by the concepts,
capabilities, practises, and leadership identified in the Framework for recovery-oriented
practise. As a result, the framework is meant to provide broad advice to both individual
practitioners and service leaders across the specialist mental health service system,
specifically clinical and PDRS services, spanning multiple practise settings and age groups.
The goal of a recovery-oriented approach to mental health treatment delivery is to help
people create and sustain a(self-defined and self-determined) meaningful and rewarding life
and personal identity, whether or not they are experiencing persistent symptoms of mental
illness. In addition, the purpose of the framework is to clarify the principles that should guide
practise in order to improve the quality of people’s mental health treatment experiences. As a
result, the framework is meant to be used in conjunction with other professional standards
and competency frameworks (Department of Health, 2011).
3 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
The domains that make up the Framework for recovery-oriented practice are as
follows: The domain for promoting a culture of hope that urges mental health services to
promote the principles of self-determination, hope, personal agency and choice and social
inclusion. The second domain is the promotion of autonomy and self-determination where the
mental health providers are responsible for promoting people ’s self-determination and
involve individuals in their mental health care as partners (Chester, et al., 2016). The third
domain is the collaborative partnerships and meaningful engagement where it details the
process of engaging with people by mental health professionals so that they can support the
recovery efforts of the individuals. This domain is central to the recovery-oriented practice
that encourages the development of collaboration between the people accessing the
healthcare service and the mental health professionals that includes the significant others of
the patient and their support networks. The fourth domain is the focus on strengths that
orients the services towards the positive approach that is focused on building the strengths of
people. It focuses on the skills, resources and assets that aperson possesses (Department of
Health, 2011). The fifth domain is the provision of holistic and personalised care. The sixth
domain is the importance of family, carers, support people and significant others while
providing mental healthcare to an individual. It focuses on the important role of family,
support people and other important people during the recovery journey of individuals as it
supports them through this process. The seventh domain is the community participation and
citizenship that relates to the social life of the people (Dixon et al., 2016; Department of
Health, 2011). The eighth domain in the framework is the responsiveness to diversity that
describes that effective mental healthcare includes the provision of tailored and personalised
care that is responsive to the individual ’sneeds, circumstances and values. The ninth and
final domain is the reflection and learning that outlines the self-reflective practice, insight and
4 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
learning that is necessary for mental health workers as itallows them to provide good quality
recovery-oriented mental healthcare.
c. The principles of the Mental Health Act are the same as those that govern the domains in
the framework for recovery-oriented practise. It promotes the culture of hope, self-
determination, choice and personal agency. The principle states that the environment of
service must support the recovery of an individual, must communicate and sustain aculture
of optimism, hope and encourage their efforts for recovery (Mental Health Act, 2014). The
services are responsible for involving people as partners in their care and it is aimed at
promoting the self-determination and their capability to manage their mental wellbeing. The
principles are also focused on the inclusion of family, carers and other important people who
can support the patient in their journey to recovery. The service providers must also use their
existing support networks to support the people who are accessing care. The principle also
states that the rights, autonomy and dignity of people must be promoted and respected and
that stigmatising attitudes towards people suffering from mental health issues must be
rejected and demotivated in the service as it adversely affects the mental health and progress
with recovery of people (Mental Health Act, 2014). This principle also includes the
healthcare worker ’srole in working responsively and sensitively people belonging to the
diverse groups in the community. The mental health services are responsible for providing
mental healthcare that is appropriate, effective, sensitive towards the people from the
different communities, language groups, cultural backgrounds, sexual and gender identities
(Mental Health Act, 2014). The principle emphasises on the importance of feedback from
people who access the service and their families so that the existing service can be improved.
Under the principle, the mental health care must be personalised and informed by the
circumstances, goals, preferences and requirements of people seeking care. Moreover, the
principle implies that participation in community activities and social engagement is
5 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
important for the mental wellbeing and health of people and mental health workers are
responsible for supporting individuals to engage in vocational and social networks and the
communities they choose to be a part of. Moreover, the principle encourages developing
collaborative relations between the people accessing the care services and the mental health
professionals, including the significant others of the patient and the carers involved (Mental
Health Act, 2014).
3. A. In this chosen case scenario where Felicity, a 22-year-old social work student has
been allocated to me, Iwould apply the principle of creating asupportive environment so that
she can be supported in her journey to recovery. Iwill ensure that the service environment
where the patient has trusted to provide care will be optimistic and inspires hope in her
through humanistic practice. In addition, the principle of involving Felicity in her mental
health care so that her self-determination is promoted. Moreover, Iwill recognise the lived
experience of Felicity and involve these in the decision-making process so that the recovery
is supported. Also, as her registered nurse, Iwill ensure that Felicity has access to high-
quality care that is responsive of her particular needs. Moreover, Iwill form meaningful
engagement with Felicity and utilise collaborative practice that ensures that the service works
constructively to aid her in understanding the experience that she is going through and which
enables her to find the positive meaning in her experience. As Felicity was unable to find
hope in her life as it was presented in the scenario that she intentionally overdosed on
paracetamol and claimed that no one cared for her and that her life was over, applying the
above principles would aid in changing her perspective on the situation and help her in
finding the positivity in the experience. Evidence that a recovery-oriented approach to
borderline personality disorder that focuses on promoting optimism and targeting the
intervention based on the patient ’sneeds has been successful, provides proof that this practice
will be able to help Felicity to overcome the emotional barrier in her life and manage her
6 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
condition (Ng et al., 2019; Balaratnasingam & Janca, 2020). Moreover, studies support that
promoting the engagement of patients such as Felicity in her interests such as singing
promotes their recovery (Ng, Bourke & Grenyer, 2016).
b. The three domains of the Framework that Ichoose are: Promoting a culture of hope,
Holistic and personalised care and Community participation and citizenship.
c. Iwould actively uphold aculture of hope through supporting Felicity and using optimistic
language and celebrate her recovery efforts. I would sustain optimism and display that
Felicity is capable of recovery and she will achieve it. In addition, Iwould also modify my
practice to provide appropriate and responsive care and use the appropriate practice that is
personalised for her age and condition. Iwould utilise my skill of recovery-oriented language
in every interaction with Felicity and document her experience in the same manner. Iwould
utilise my skill of being respectful while enquiring about the needs, wishes and circumstances
of Felicity. Moreover, Iwill understand and ensure effective communication of the recovery
principles and emphasize optimism and hopefulness towards her recovery. Iwould also
utilise my knowledge of an updated research on the results of recovery and convey these to
her and work to improve my knowledge on the resources and services available that would
help her. This would allow me to actively celebrate and share the experience of recovery with
permission from Felicity who was under the care. Through the use of affirmative, positive
language the achievements and success of Felicity would also be emphasised. This would
allow me to remind Felicity of the improvements in behaviour and her condition. Through
using the domain of promoting a culture of hope, Felicity ’s hope of recovery would be
sustained, most importantly during the time when she finds it difficult to carry that hope
(Department of Health, 2011) .I believe developing necessary skills that would support
Felicity to live her chosen lifestyle and supporting adedicated (personalised) approach would
also be helpful in improving her condition through the practice. In addition, Iwould enquire
7 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
about the services that were involved in Felicity ’s healthcare and incorporating these
practices if they were successful in bringing about positive changes in her. This would enable
Felicity to restore her health and wellbeing and develop apositive perspective towards her
situation and eventually, her life. Lastly, I would support Felicity to locate or create
opportunities for social participation and recognise that stigmatising attitude within the care
setting could affect her wellbeing (Dixon et al., 2016). Iwould assist Felicity to identify and
access social opportunities that arise in the community of her choice and also develop
knowledge of the meaningful opportunities that could encourage education and social
engagement within her community (Department of Health, 2011).
Conclusion:
In conclusion, it is certain that using arecovery-oriented practise in this case scenario
2of Felicity, would prove to be supportive of her recovery through this emotionally traumatic
experience that led her to overdose. Moreover, through the use of Promoting a culture of
hope, Holistic and personalised care and Community participation and citizenship domains of
the Framework for recovery-oriented practice (Department of Health, 2011), it is expected
that Felicity will be encouraged to build her self-confidence and participate again in social
and academic settings.
8 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
References:
Balaratnasingam, S., & Janca, A. (2020). Recovery in borderline personality disorder: Time
for optimism and focussed treatment strategies. Current Opinion in Psychiatry ,33 (1),
57-61. 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000564
Chester, P., Ehrlich, C., Warburton, L., Baker, D., Kendall, E., & Crompton, D. (2016). What
is the work of recovery oriented practice? A systematic literature
review. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing , 25 (4), 270-285.
https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12241
Department of Health. (2011). Framework for recovery-oriented practice. Retrieved from
https://content.health.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/migrated/files/collections/policies-
and-guidelines/f/framework-recovery-oriented-practice—pdf.pdf
Dixon, L. B., Holoshitz, Y., & Nossel, I. (2016). Treatment engagement of individuals
experiencing mental illness: review and update. World Psychiatry , 15 (1), 13-20.
10.1002/wps.20306
Donald, F., Duff, C., Lawrence, K., Broadbear, J., & Rao, S. (2017). Clinician perspectives
on recovery and borderline personality disorder. The Journal of Mental Health
Training, Education and Practice .10.1108/JMHTEP-09-2016-0044
Farre, A., & Rapley, T. (2017, December). The new old (and old new) medical model: four
decades navigating the biomedical and psychosocial understandings of health and
illness. In Healthcare (Vol. 5, No. 4, p. 88). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing
Institute. 10.3390/healthcare5040088
9 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
Gabrielsson, S., & Looi, G. M. E. (2019). Recovery-oriented reflective practice groups:
Conceptual framework and group structure. Issues in Mental Health Nursing ,40 (12),
993-998. 10.1080/01612840.2019.1644568
Gunderson, J. G., Fruzzetti, A., Unruh, B., & Choi-Kain, L. (2018). Competing theories of
borderline personality disorder. Journal of personality disorders ,32 (2), 148-167.
10.1521/pedi.2018.32.2.148
Jacob, K. S. (2015). Recovery model of mental illness: A complementary approach to
psychiatric care. Indian journal of psychological medicine , 37 (2), 117-119.
10.4103/0253-7176.155605
Mental Health Act. (2014). Mental Health Act. Retrieved from
https://www.health.vic.gov.au/practice-and-service-quality/mental-health-act-2014
Ng, F. Y., Bourke, M. E., & Grenyer, B. F. (2016). Recovery from borderline personality
disorder: asystematic review of the perspectives of consumers, clinicians, family and
carers. PloS one ,11 (8), e0160515. 10.1371/journal.pone.0160515
Ng, F. Y., Townsend, M. L., Miller, C. E., Jewell, M., & Grenyer, B. F. (2019). The lived
experience of recovery in borderline personality disorder: a qualitative
study. Borderline personality disorder and emotion dysregulation , 6(1), 1-9.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40479-019-0107-2
NSW. (2022). What is a recovery-oriented approach? -Principles for effective support.
Retrieved from
https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/mentalhealth/psychosocial/principles/Pages/recovery.
aspx
10 RECOVERY-ORIENTED PRACTICE
Waldemar, A. K., Arnfred, S. M., Petersen, L., & Korsbek, L. (2016). Recovery-oriented
practice in mental health inpatient settings: A literature review. Psychiatric
Services ,67 (6), 596-602. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.201400469

Assessment Solutions-Examine Patient Pain Extremity: NURS1521

Assessment Solutions-Examine Patient Pain Extremity: NURS1521

1
Running Head- SUMMARY
Nursing assessment to examine patient ’spain extremity
Student Name:
Student ID:
2
Running Head- SUMMARY
The role …

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1
Running Head- SUMMARY
Nursing assessment to examine patient ’spain extremity
Student Name:
Student ID:
2
Running Head- SUMMARY
The role of the nurse being part of an interprofessional team is to analyse the patient’s health
conditions, make asummary of her conditions, and deliver the information to the physicians.
The nurse examines the deteriorating health condition of Mrs L. nurse communicates with the
physician so that physician can develop the best self-management toolkit for support and
delivery strategy to manage her condition. The intervention is needed to provide the self-
management of analgesia (Bennett et al., 2017) .
The cancer patient Mrs L. is feeling pain still after taking enough medications, which are
being provided to alleviate her pain. Nurse undertakes the patient on to the verbal discussion,
which is apart of the clinical trials performed by the nurses. The verbal discussion is carried
out to examine patient ’spain extremity. The pain of the patient scores 9-point across the pain
scale, which means that patient has the extreme pain. Pain rating scale is used in clinical
research to determine the intensity of pain (Patel et al., 2021) .Nurse not only examines the
patient but also provides mental and physical support to the patient. She will explain why the
high medications should not be recommended to the patient. Although Mrs L. is a breast
cancer patient, she should not have any mental illness. Her husband provides Mrs L. with
more courage and motivation to be recovered soon. Looking at her children, she can have
more mental support to get soon better. If a high dosage of the pain-alleviating drugs is
provided to the patient, she may undergo the condition of unconsciousness, altering her
mental support.
3
Running Head- SUMMARY
References
Bennett, M. I., Mulvey, M. R., Campling, N., Latter, S., Richardson, A., Bekker, H., &
Hartley, S., (2017). Self-management toolkit and delivery strategy for end-of-life pain: the
mixed-methods feasibility study. Health Technology Assessment ,21 (76), 1-292.
Patel, K. V., Amtmann, D., Jensen, M. P., Smith, S. M., Veasley, C., & Turk, D. C., (2021).
Clinical outcome assessment in clinical trials of chronic pain treatments. Pain Reports ,6(1).

Safety and Quality in Healthcare Service NURS 3002

Safety and Quality in Healthcare Service NURS 3002

Running head : HEALTHCARE 1

3002
Student N …

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Running head : HEALTHCARE 1
3002
Student Name
Institution
HEALTHCARE 2
REFLECTION OF CLINICAL PLACEMENT
LEARNING OBJECTIVE # 1
I will be able to accurately hand over two (2) patients that I have looked after in an end -of-shift handover. I will
demonstrate my knowledge with an appropria te explanation of pathophysiology, pharmacology and critical
thinking. I will ensure that I always maintain the confidentiality of my patients. I will also document my end of
shift notes about these 2 patients either in the patient notes (or my own) wit h double sign off from my
supervising RN/facilitator .
This objective is linked to the following 2 sub -standards of the RN Standards of Practice:
1. 1.4 complies with legislation, regulations, policies, guidelines and other standards or
requirements relevant to the context of practice when making decisions
2. 1.6 maintains accurate, comprehensive and timely documentation of assessments,
planning, decision -making, actions and evaluations
What 3 resources will I use to achieve this learning objective?
1. National Saf ety and Quality in Healthcare Service Standard
2. Journal ( Moss, Seifert & O’Sullivan, 2016 )
3. Journal (Bakon, Wirihana, Christensen & Craft , 2017)
Reflect on your Learning Objective:
I was about to end my shift when the incoming nurse stepped into the general male ward,
I have just been writing my handover note. I documented all the patient conditions where the
first male patient was suffering from acute cardiac arrest and was recuperating well after being
transferred from the emergency ward. The other patient was diabetic with the recent rise in blood
glucose leading to hospitalization and still needs monitoring to ensure stable blood sugar.
Dealing with patient is my clinical challenge as I have always struggled to cope -up with some
HEALTHCARE 3
difficult patients especia lly when documenting patient status notes. I documented all this
information in patient notes and one patient was sad due to my departure and I have to assure
him of the safety and confidence in the incoming nurse (Moss, Seifert & O’Sullivan, 2016 ). I
have always strive to maintain my relationship with patient especially through consulting patient
so as to receive their consent hence make an informed decision.
What strategies will I use to improve my skills/performance?
There are some strategies that I will use to maintain clear records of patients when
writing handovers and documentation. I will write both handover notes on inpatient records and
also try using the modern handover system currently used within the facility. I have been using
hard copy handove r yet I can also use modern health information systems and mobile
applications to improve on documentation. This is meant to improve patient service, especially
where information is needed within another department (Bakon, Wirihana, Christensen & Craft ,
20 17 ). Second, I will always ask my supervisor RN questions on various issues that I need to
document. This will enable me to know some clinical skills I have limited understanding such as
referral procedures for complex patient situations. For instance, I h ave asked RN procedure for
handling escalating patient conditions suffering from acute cardiac arrest especially after being
transferred from the emergency department. This will ensure that I have gain clinical skills that
will help in handling patients wi th similar situation in future without any other challenge.
REFERENCES
Bakon, S., Wirihana, L., Christensen, M., Craft, J. (2017). Nursing handovers: An integrative
review of the different models and processes available. International Journal of Nursing
Practice, 23(2), 1 –8. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12520
HEALTHCARE 4
National Safety and Quality in Healthcare Service Standard 6 (2019 ). Communicat ing for Safety
Standard. ACSQHC . https://nationalstandards.safetyandquality.gov.au/topic/user -guide –
acute -and -community -health -service -organisations -provide -care -children/communicating
Moss, E., Seifert, C.P., & O’Sull ivan, A., (September 30, 2016) Registered Nurses as
Interprofessional Collaborative Partners: Creating Value -Based Outcomes OJIN: The
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing 21 (3).
LEARNING OBJECTIVE # 2
I will competently perform a manual set of vital observations on a patient – this will include b lood pressure,
temperature, heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, and pain scale, (neuro or neurovascular obs if
applicable). I will be able to interpret the trend and discuss it with the facilitator/RN using appropriate critical
thinking skills and relate these back to the patient’s condition. I will also accurately and precisely document
these vital observations in a legally acceptable manner as per the requirement of the facility.
This objective is linked to the following 2 sub -standards of the RN Standards of Practice:
1. 1.4 complies with legislation, regulations, policies, guidelines and other standards or
requirements relevant to the context of practice when making decisions
2. 4.1 conducts assessments that are holistic as well as culturally ap propriate
What 3 resources will I use to achieve this learning objective?
1. NSW Patient Observations (Vital Signs) Policy / guidelines
2. Journal (van de Maat et al., 2020)
3. Nursing and Midwifery Board Registered nurse standards for the practice
Reflect on your Learning Objective:
Interpreting some of the data that are required for my clinical practice was chal lenging as some
clinical practice skills is still well conversant . I documented all the vital signs systematically
HEALTHCARE 5
according to the required standards and guidelines. I realize that I still need some mentorship to
document some vital signs, especially for patients that have complex medical conditions. For
instance, one patient has cancer stage 5 and was adversely affected by an acute condition.
Assessment o f vital signs and interpretation to come up with the relationship between patient
condition and vital signs was technical. I have to consult an RN who assisted me to deduce the
relationship in order to determine the challenge of the patient (van de Maat et al., 2020 ).
Consulting the supervisor ensure that I learn as I also practice some of the clinical skills that are
vital for future nursing career. I have also improved my relationship with patient to ensure I gain
their trust and hence provide the require d quality of care to patient especially during observation.
Standards of practice require nursing practitioners to ask of consent from patient before
providing care.
What strategies will I use to improve my skills/performance?
I will use certain strategies to improve my skills and performance in future. Firstly, I will
be under the mentorship of an RN/supervisor to ensure I understand every vital sign and the
relations of these vital signs with complex patient needs. To ensure accuracy in performing vital
sign observation and documentation, I will ask my facilitator questions on areas I still need more
understanding. Secondly , I will use evidence -based practice to make an informed decision on
various vital sign trends. This will also help me to establish a r elationship between various signs
and corresponding conditions in patients. This will also be guided by guidelines and standards of
practice that are essential for professional practice within health care. Professional
communications and documentations empl oy standards and guidelines required for health
professionals (Nursing and Midwifery Board Registered 2021) . This will help in ensuring my
documented note s are beneficial to all health professional teams handling the patient. Thirdly, I
HEALTHCARE 6
will ensure that I maintain professional mutual relationship with patients. Patients are critical
aspect of the hospital operations and good relationship with client will ensure that patient open to
me for vital information need. Lastly, I will consult patient in many occasi ons before performing
test or assessment to ensure they are fully aware and consent to the practice.
REFERENCES
Australian Nursing and Midwifery Board (2021). Registered nurse standards for practice .
https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/codes -guideline s-statements/professional –
standards/registered -nurse -standards -for -practice.aspx
NSW Patient Observations (Vital Signs) Policy / guidelines (2014). Patient Observation (Vital
Signs) Policy – Adult . https:// www.safetyandquality.gov.au
van de Maat, J., Jonkman, H., van de Voort, E., Mintegi, S., Gervaix, A., Bressan, S., Moll, H.,
& Oostenbrink, R. (2020). Measuring vital signs in children with fever at the emergency
department: an observational study on adhe rence to the NICE recommendations in
Europe. European journal of pediatrics , 179 (7), 1097 –1106.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431 -020 -03601 -y
LEARNING OBJECTIVE #3
I will participate in competence communication within the multidisciplinary assessment of
mental health patients admitted into the mental health emergency unit . The 23 -year -old mental
disturbed patient was admitted with bipolar affective disorder . I will be mental health nurs e
within a team assessing the patient. I will be documenting my assess ment notes; I will also assist
HEALTHCARE 7
the mental health doctors together with a team consisting of a pharmacist, mental health doctor,
physiotherapist, psychologist and nutritionist. I will document my assessment details on my
notes and the patient is not to pres ent to RN/ supervisor after the assessment. I will cross check
my notes to make an informed conclusion on the mental health status of the patient before
handing it over to RN for signing.
This objective is linked to the following 2 sub -standards of the RN Standards of Practice :
1. 2.1 establishes, sustains and concludes relationships in a way that differentiates the
boundaries between professional and personal relationships
2. 2.8 participates in and/or leads the collaborative practice
What 3 resources will I use to achieve this learning objective?
1. Journal ( Busari, Moll & Duits, 2017 )
2. Multidisciplinary Team communication (MDT) NSW Guidelines
3. Journal (O’Neill, Johnson & Mandela , 2018 )
Reflect on your Learning Objective:
Communication within the mul tidisciplinary team when conducting assess ments was
very technical and I had to make adjustments. I was with a team of professionals conducting an
assessment of mentally ill patients and some of the team members were mental health doctors,
HEALTHCARE 8
psychologists, nutritionists, physiotherapists and pharmacists. I was appointed by my supervisor
RN to be mental health nurse during the assessment of the patient admitted to the psychiatric
emergency unit. As mental health nurse, I was assisting mental health doctors to interview
patients and also documented all the detailed assessments. After the mental health doctor has
documented the assessment , I was given the chance to also interview the patient and since I have
never dealt with mental health patients I lacked words. I collected myself and just asked
questions that tested my mental frame of mind. I documented the patient appearance, dressing,
speech and coping mechanism. The mental health patient also asks me a question about my
ethnicity and I became embarrassed to answer the patient as though interviewing me. Nursing
practitioner therefore need to focus on the professional communication with mentally ill person
to reduce the impact of miscommunication coupled with limited professional boundaries
(O’Neill, Johnson & Mandela, 2018 ).
What strategies will I use to improve my skills/performance?
In future, I will some strategies to imp rove my skills and clinical knowledge in handling
mentally ill patients. Firstly, I will remain under the mentorship of my supervisor to ensure I
observe all steps the RN uses to interview mentally ill patients. Mentorship enable pa ssing of
skills and knowledge from the RN who is the mentor to me in order to improve on my clinical
skills. In addition, nursing practitioner is expected to kno w and understand the clinical guidelines
and procedures which can be learned through mentorship. Secondly, I will use evidence -based
tools such as MDT guidelines for communication, inter -professional framework and professional
boundaries guidelines as the basis of communication during the assessment. This will ensure I
HEALTHCARE 9
maintain effective communicat ion within the team without challenge hence increas ing my
performance . Thirdly, I will remain composed whenever visiting mental health patients to avoid
embarrass ing moments when the patient can also ask funny questions. I will also maintain
professional standards of communication when dealing with mentally ill patients to avoid an
embarrassing moments. Lastly, I will critically observe professional boundaries betw een various
team members to ensure that I participate in the team work according to the required professional
guidelines (Busari, Moll & Duits, 2017 ).
REFERENCES
NSW Government (2021). Multidisciplinary Team communication (MDT) NSW Guidelines.
Retr ieved from https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/integratedcare/Pages/multidisciplinary –
team -care.aspx
O’Neill, L ., Johnson, J . & Mandela, R. (2018). Reflective practice groups: Are they useful for
liaison psychiatry nurses working w ithin the Emergency Department? Archives of
Psychiatric Nursing. 33. 10.1016/j.apnu.2018.11.003.
Busari, J. O., Moll, F. M., & Duits, A. J. (2017). Understanding the impact of interprofessional
collaboration on the quality of care: a case report from a small -scale resource limited
healt h care environment. Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare , 10 , 227 –234.
https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S140042

Assignment Answers Pdf Of Multiple Sclerosis Condition:HSC0003

Assignment Answers Pdf Of Multiple Sclerosis Condition:HSC0003

The Professional Nursing Organisation- NUR4836

The Professional Nursing Organisation- NUR4836

Running head: EMTALA LAW
EMTALA LAW
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
1
EMTALA LAW

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Running head: EMTALA LAW
EMTALA LAW
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
1
EMTALA LAW
Part 1
The EMTALA LAW is considered to the act of the United States which helps in
ensuring that the public has proper access towards the emergenc y services irrespective of
capability to pay. It is stated that in section 1867 of social security act, few specific obligat io ns
on the Medicare -partic ipating hospitals have been made for offering emergency services and
providing participating hospitals with an offer to provide medical screening examina tio n. It is
the responsibility of the hospitals to provide proper tre atment for the patient at the emerge nc y
department. The law also highlights the fact that if the hospital fails in doing so than proper
referral needs to be made by the hospitals (Hsuan et al., 2018).
The law can be impleme nted for the patients with sim ilar medical condition for gainin g
proper treatment consistently. EMTALA requires the hospitals with emergency departments to
provide emergency support to everyone who needs irrespective of the ability to pay or has
insurance status.
The physicia n lead s elf -referra l law is also known as Stark Law which is found to
prohibit the physicia ns from raising patients to obtain chosen health amenities payable to
Medicare from the entitie s with which the physicia n or an instant family member has a financ ia l
relatio nship except an exception applies. The Stark Law refers to the former U.S representa tive
Pete Stark where at time the healthcare service providers mostly provide free for service basis
services (Zhang et al., 2020) .
Part 2
It is stated that the nurses can often be involved in the policy making within the
professiona l nursing organisatio n. The nurses in this case works accordance with the practic e
standards and processes to assure proper quality of care. The nurse can advocat e on the beha lf
of the patient to support them with best interest of the patient while also respecting the role of
2
EMTALA LAW
the family. The pros of this nursing advocacy as a policy maker involve s proper allocatio n of
the resources for the patients and delivering t reatment at proper time. The cons of the is process
includes lack of proper autonomy and lack of proper communic atio n with the family memb e r
or the patient impacts the patient safety (Scott & Scott, 2021).
3
EMTALA LAW
References
Hsuan, C., Horwitz, J. R., Ponce, N . A., Hsia, R. Y., & Needleman, J. (2018). Complying with
the Emergenc y Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA): Challenge s and
solutio ns. Journal of healthcare risk management : the journal of the American Society
for Healthcare Risk Management , 37 (3), 31 –41. https://doi.o rg/10.1002 /jhrm.21288
Scott, S. M., & Scott, P. A. (2021). Nursing, advocacy and public policy. Nursing ethics , 28 (5),
723 -733. doi: 10.1177/0969733020961823.
Zhang, X., Lin, D., Pforsich, H., & Lin, V. W. (2020). Physicia n workforce in the United States
of America: forecasting nationwid e shortages. Human resources for health , 18 (1), 8.
https://do i.org/10.1186/s12960 -020 -0448 -3

Healthcare and Social Care Management HS7006

Healthcare and Social Care Management HS7006

1
Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy
Student’s Name:
University’s Details:
2
Five Year Antimicr …

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1
Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy
Student’s Name:
University’s Details:
2
Five Year Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy (AMR) UK
This integrated five year strategy in UK was developed by collaborating with
many governmental department and agencies. There are some specific public health
concerns in UK that are of much importance than the antimicrobial resistance on the
basis of impacts on society (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . And this
problem is just not limited to UK but is a matter of serious concern throughout the globe.
To deal with this issue will require taking actions at global, national and local level .
Though the antimicrobial resistan ce cannot be completely removed, but multi –
disciplinary approach that will focus on collaborating with a wide partner range will help
in limiting the antimicrobial resistance risk by minimising its impact on human he alth, in
present day and in future. The sad reality is that the untreatable infections are increasing
at a rapid rate (HM Government, 2019) . The increased growth in spreading of multi -drug
resistant bacteria is only taking hum anity close to a point where everyday infections and
spread of diseases will be completely on an uncontrolled level. The existing resistivity of
antimicrobials is reducing and the bacteria and viruses are becoming more resistant to
medications used for tre ating infections.
The method s of developing new technologies of allowing for better and quicker
diagnosis are needed to be accelerated. The information sources should also be
strengthened in order to support the health professionals (Vagnoni, 2021) . This will
require the human and veterinary service providers to work in closer collaboration with
patients and pet -keepers. It also requires st rong internation al partnerships for proper
understanding and reco gnition of threats imposed by AMR along with the shared
responsibility to reduce its risk (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . This is
the main reason of sharing and discussing thoughts and ideas with WHO, World
Organ isation for Animals and some other organisations to help in tackling the concerns
3
and achieving success in these key areas in upcoming years. The strategy takes account
for ‘Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer, 2011 that identified numerous prioriti es
that were to be talked about and also demanded a call of action (World Health
Organisation, 2022) . Based on the identified societal impacts of discussed issues, it is
therefore the duty and responsibility of all divisions to react towards the call for action
that has been set out in the strategy is successful addressing of the problem is required
(Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) .
The Stra tegy first discusses about the extent of thr eat arising from antimicrobial
resistance. Here it describes how modern practices in veterinary and medical field
depend on availability of anti microbials in order to stop and diagnose the infections
found in both humans and animals (Rahman, 2019) . The resistivity that is developed for
the antimicrobials involving all antivirals and antifungals is rapidly growing and the
recognition of this antimicrobial resistance is becoming a very broad issue and this
Strategy is specifically based on reducing the impacts of growing resistance towards
antibiotics (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . The case of action was
published in ‘Annual Report of Chief Medical Officer, 2011 that was published in 2013
in March. This five year strategy helps in developing actions for addressing the major
challenges occurring due to AMR. Even though the medical practices are highly
dependent on effectiveness and availability of antimicrobials fo r treating and preventing
infection rates, growing concerns are raised fir growing bacterial resistance towards
antibiotics (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . If the extent of hardly
treatable infections continues t o increase, then it will turn into huge difficulty to control
the infection within range of available medical care settings. This will result in further
difficulties to handle the animal health and protecting their welfare (Ashiru -Oredope,
2021) .
4
It is known and also believed that the antibiotic resistance cannot be completely
removed from society, it is manageable to limit the risk to reduce their impacts on
human and animal health. The Strategy focuses on the United Kingdom’ s ability and
technique to address the challenges that are briefly described in Annual Report of CMO
as it is a part of ‘One -Health’ approach which distances , humans, animals, farming and
agriculture in a larger environment (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . The
Strategy has been appropriately well -versed with input collected with help of widespread
variety of specialists and experts in several backgrounds and the delivery is known to
include many partners and will need their cross -organisational co -operative skills at
native , national and global levels (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence,
2022) .
It is in the nature of bacteria to continuously evolve in order to ma intain their
viability level in response to the antibiotics that are used against them. This is explained
by taking example of increasing resistivity in Gram -negative bacteria. The E.coli
infection under Gram -negative bacteria is a specifically growing hea lth concern about
public health and it is so because of very limitedly present treatment options to treat
infection that are caused by such bacteria (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) .
Focus has been laid on tho se ba cteria that tend to show resistivity against carbapenem
antibiotics that are last -line drugs that are used in treating the infections. The starting
level of emergence of resistivity is very random which arises due to mutations or the
genetic exchange in ba cteria (Reform, 2022) . Using these antibiotics then supports the
spreading of these resistant bacteria and this is considered to be a very complex issue
that is driven by many interconnected factors (Department of Health and Social Care,
2013) . Apart from local use of antibiotic s, other factor s include increased travelling and
alteration in population demographics that also helps in spreading of resistant bacteria.
5
This increases the burden of di seases and becomes uncontrollably challenging in UK and
also globally.
The consequences do not limit to this, but extends beyond health of humans
sector and if the quantity of untreatable infections tends to grow, it will not just result in
difficulties i n controlling infections in routine medical caring backgrounds, this will also
make it difficult to maintain the animal health and their welfare. The failed treatments in
antimicrobial resistance will result in increasing the cost of care (Department of Health
and Social Care, 2013) . This also increases the economic burden for individuals, their
dependents, businessmen, employers and on the wider economy. An important point of
AMR has been internationally identified for many ye ars and the first ‘World Health
Assembly (WHA) AMR resolution was commenced in 1998 (Office for Health
Improvements and Disparities, 2022) . This advised the Members of State to initiate
actions in response to managing the AMR. This has also been acknowledge and
accelerated by both World Health Organisation and the European Commission. Three
global commissions have altogether acknowledged and helped to maintain focus on this
area and towards the informed growth of Strategy (Department of Health and Social
Care, 2013) .
The First UK AMR Strategy that was published in 2000 was formed in response
to recommendations that were mentioned in report of Standing Medical Advisory
Committee that was produced in 1998. This was responsible for the development of
significant changes in the improvements of the antibiotic use, amplified funding for
programmes of drug discoveries and for aditional support in research field in UK in field
AMR (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . Apart from this, alternative
approaches in form of new vaccination programmes to manag e the infections still
continue to be successfully implemented in the country. Some examples include ,
6
awareness raising activity in UL in form of European Antibiotic Awareness Day that is
celebrated in UK every year to promote awareness within the health professionals and
population of AMR with appropriate prescription (Brogan & Mossialos, 2016) . Another
example includes optimisation of prescription in primary care in UK. It was found in UK
that the GP consultation were often very challenging, especially at times when patients
expected to be administered with antibiotics but were still unwilling to agree that do not
require them (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . To support the GPs, in
2012, a GP toolkit named ‘Treat Antibiotics Responsibly , Guidance and Education Tool’
(TARGET) was fo rmed by the Health Protection Agency while being in partnership with
many other professional figures . A same initiative named ‘Stemming the Tide of
Antibiotic Resistance ’ (STAR) education program . This initiative included assets for the
health care experts which were to be shared by the public at the time of medical
consultations. This reportedly helped in delivering the changes in prescribed medical
practices and thereby reducing unimportant use of antibiotics (Department of Health and
Social Care, 2013) . The initiation of AMR research, the UK Clinical Research
Collaboration (UKCRC) ‘Translational Infections Research Initiative which is built on
£16.5 million partnerships with funders like DH, NIHR, MRC and runs from 2008 to
20 15 in carrying out research which is pertinent to the AMR and the infection control. It
helps in promoting the use of mobile technology to improve and change human
behaviour , educating and providing them with decision supports to improve the
prescription.
Even after so many efforts, the extent of AMR has continued to grow and
therefore urgent further actions are requi red at both global and national level to make the
equal pace of progress level at a point that is required to make a n important impact. The
report’s second volume that was published in 2013 focused on need of acting promptly
7
and expansively to reduce the risks and threats on both human and animal health and
welfare (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . The 3 recommendations made
under this report focused on required actions on increasing risks on health on both
national and international level, collaboration between DH and Defra for ens uring
comprehensive integrity of programme, and the importance of rapid d iagnostic
techniques. The new and improved Strategy successfully responds to the challenges and
recognises future areas of research requiring focus.
Under the section of UK’s Commitment to Action, it is stated that the country
completely identifies the significance of controlling AMR in order to guard the health of
public and therefore reducing the risk of associated premature mortality and disease in a
cost -effective manner (Department of Health and Social Care, 2013) . It is dedicated
towards a combined approach to handle AMR as part of ‘One -Health Approach’ at every
level and using the power to deliver strong and important leadership and planned
direction for NHS and for a larger health care system. International promotion in
response to increasing threats to future health prosperity of nation understands the
importance of AMR. UK is actively encouraging the World Health Organisation’s
international leadership role to address AMR. It is also helping in the development of
international framework to connect the contributions made from all sectors a nd therefore
encouraging the collaborative working (Department of Health and Soci al Care, 2013) .
The CMO has also recommended about UK that it commits on a wider range to improve
the AMR containment and infectious diseases by containing AMR on National Security
Risk Assessment. The development in this field will be important in ex ploring
innovative mechanisms that will encourage the development of antimicrobials and rapid
diagnostic methods for infections. The National Institute of Health Research (NIHR)
supports with a framework by which DH points , manages and maintains the resear ches
8
including research substructure of NHS England in form of a national research facility.
Its implications and evidences about AMR will be strengthened by supporting the main
research proposals (Department of Health and Social C are, 2013) .
The aims and approaches includes the improvements in knowledge and AMR
understanding by help of better information, supportive data and development of more
effective and early diagnostic systems in or der to improve health security. It als o
includes conservation and steward the efficacy of present treatments by improving
preventions in infections. Stimulation of developing newer antibiotics, diagnosis
methods and novel therapies helps in promotion of improvement and investment in area
of de velopment of new drugs. The seven key areas for the future action of Strategy are:
-Improvement in prevention of infection and controlling practices.
-Optimisation of prescription practices.
-Improvement in professional education, public commitment and the ir training.
-Development of new drugs, methods of treatments and diagnoses.
-Improved access in using the surveillance data (Department of Health and Social Care,
2013) .
-Better identification and encouragement of the needs in AMR research areas.
-The improved and strengthened international collaboration.
The meeting of this challenge is very hectic part of the Strategy as the UK
government alone cannot provide the required actions to reduce the spread of AMR. Its
efficacy is dependent on wide range of private and public sectors activity to undertake
co -ordinated actions to help in delivering the integrated programme (Department of
Health and Social Care, 2013) . The Human Health and Social Care s ector helps in
9
improving and understanding the knowledge about AMR, by conserving the existing
effectiveness of treatment and diagnostic methods.
10
References
Ashiru -Oredope, D., 2021. What is antimicrobial resistance and why do we need to take
action against it?. [Online]
Available at: https://ukhsa.blog.gov.uk/category/priority3/antimicrobial -resistance/
[Accessed May 2022].
Brogan, D. M. & Mossialos, E., 2016. A critical analysis of the review on antimicrobial
resistance report and the infectious disease financing facility. Globalisation and Health,
Volume 8.
Department of Health and Social Care, 2013. UK 5 Year Antimicrobial Resistance
Strategy 2013 to 2018. [Online]
Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk -5-year -antimicrobial –
resistance -strategy -2013 -to-2018
HM Government, 2019. Tackling antimicrobial resistance 2019 -2024. [Online]
Available at:
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/ uploads/attachment_
data/file/784894/UK_AMR_5_year_national_action_plan.pdf
[Accessed May 2022].
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 2022. NICE impact Antimicrobial
Ressitance. [Online]
Available at: https://www.nice.org.uk/media/default/abo ut/what -we -do/into –
practice/measuring -uptake/niceimpact -antimicrobial -resistance.pdf
[Accessed May 2022].
Office for Health Improvements and Disparities, 2022. AMR local indicators – produced
by the UKHSA. [Online]
Available at: https://fingertips.phe.org .uk/profile/amr -local -indicators
[Accessed May 2022].
Rahman, S., 2019. HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE UK AMR STRATEGY. [Online]
Available at: https://microbiologysociety.org/blog/highlights -from -the -uk -amr –
strategy.html
[Accessed May 2022].
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Reform, 2022. POWERING T HE UK’S APPROACH TO ANTIMICROBIAL
RESISTANCE. [Online]
Available at: https://reform.uk/research/powering -uks -approach -antimicrobial -resistance
[Accessed May 2022].
Vagnoni, C., 2021. Responding to the challenge of antimicrobial resistance. [Online]
Avail able at: https://post.parliament.uk/responding -to-the -challenge -of -antimicrobial –
resistance/
[Accessed May 2022].
World Health Organisation, 2022. Antimicrobial resistance. [Online]
Available at: https://www.who.int/health -topics/antimicrobial -resistance
[Accessed May 2022].

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