Title – Cyber security in the 21 st century
Title – Cyber security in the 21 st century
The world has got digitali zed and has helped human s in accessing the world at their
fingertips. But this digitaliz ation has been stopped by the hurdle of cyberattack s. Cyberattack
is now becoming a tough thing to deal with as it has been noticed that now it has become
easy to steal data from online sites and platform s. Hackers are now easily getting the data of
the individ uals and causing then blackmailing the individuals as well. Cyber security is one
of the ways to deal with and it has been noticed that the major issues of cyberattacks can be
countered with proper implementation of cyber security (Ali et al. 2018) . Cybers ecurity is
about understanding the ways through which cyberattacks are committed and what security
measures can be taken . Hackers in recent times are adopting the latest ways to breach files
and data. That is why there is a need to improve the cyber securi ty measures so that no cases
of data theft can take place.
Relation to computer science in general
This area is directly connected to computer science as cyber security is a subfield of
computer science that involves systems and programs which are there in the computer
Research question and method
In the modern world, where hackers are trying new methods to breach the data, what are the
possible ways to counter these data breaches ?
For this question , both quantitative method s, as well as the qualitative method, can be used.
Cyber security is a broad topic and forgetting the details about countering these challenges,
one needs to go through different journal articles and reviews to get the possible so lutions.
These methods will be quite effective as it has been noticed that one can get the ideas from
the journal articles as many of the researchers have already researched the cyber security
topic. This method will be helpful in the end
Figure 1- CYBER SECURITY INVESTMENT
Figure 1 talks about one of the ways through which cyber security can be increased. It can
provide much needed help to the organization to fight against the challenge
This might look like a topic that might connect with private compan y data or government
data. But the fact is that this topic is connected to every individual who used a mobile or
computer. Data theft has become a major issue and it has been seen that one can steal the data
from both these sources. Many people who are using th ese are not aware of the challenges
which are there while using these devices. This research will help people understand the ways
through which data theft can be done. It will also giv e an idea about how one can avoid any
chance for hackers to get into personal data. This is a helpful topic for everyone as they will
be increasing their learning about cyber security. It has been seen that the major challenge of
cyberattacks is a lack of awareness among people (Pycroft and Aziz, 2018) . This work will
contain the details of cyber attacks and will spread the much -needed awareness as well. This
work will not have any sort of negative implication as this work is beneficial for everyone
and is one of the ways to counter the major problem of the modern world.
Artificial intelligence is turning ou t to be a necessity in the present world. It has been seen
that this technology has the potential of replacing human beings. This report will talk about
how artificial intelligence is helping human beings. It will also discuss the few examples of
artificia l intelligence which have been part of daily life.
Artificial technology is the simulation of human intelligence in machine systems and they are
programmed to think like humans and commit their actions. It has been seen that these
machines have been quite effective as they perform actions like human being s (Miller, 2019) .
This technology has decreased human work in many different fields. It would not be wrong to
say that this technology has almost replaced humans and ha s prove d to be highly efficient.
Some of the common example s of artificial intelligence are Google maps, face detection, text
editors, e -payments, autocorrect, e -payments, digital assistant s, etc. All these technologies are
assisting human beings in many ways and it has been noticed that the y act as the guide for
human being s.
Figure 2- Artificial Intelligence
The best part of artificial intelligence is that it has helped human beings in saving a lot of
energy and a lot of time. Organizations are making better decisions and can increase their
productivity with the involvement of technology. It has also been seen that strategic decision –
making proces ses are faster and the speed of doing work has also increased with the help of
artificial technology (Duan, Edwards ad Dwivedi, 2019) . Artificial intelligence ha s been
impactful in society as it has been noticed that it has increased the effectiveness of the
workplaces. It has also decreased any sort of danger that could ris e as they prefer the safest
Based on the discussions, it can be summarized that artificial intelligence is quite helpful for
human beings. it has replaced human beings in various fields and is now assisting humans
with strategic decision -making and saving a lot of time.
In the last few years, the field of computer science has evolved a lot. It has been not iced that
there has been major development and there are few research areas that can be quite
important in the next decade. Comp utational biology and the internet of things are most likely
to remain the two known topics in the coming decade. Both these topics are quite wide and
have plenty of room for research as well. Internet of Things is slowly turning out to be a
common part of the modern world. Smart home security systems, smart factory equipment,
and wireless trackers are a few of the examples of daily used examples of the internet of
things (Gonzalez et al., 2019) . Evidence has shown that in recent times, there ha s been
internet of things ha s proved to be quite effective and they are adding comfort levels to the
individual life (Moradi, 2021) . Similarly, computational biology is also quite a big topic and
it includes computer sc ience topic s, data analysis , and data analytics. These are quite useful
in the organization and it can be said that there might be a major use of this technology in the
coming years. There will be many research areas in the coming years but these two will be
quite interesting and broader areas for research which will be quite fruitful as well.
Ali, S., Al Balushi, T., Nadir, Z. and Hussain, O.K., 2018. Cyber security for cyber physical
systems (Vol. 768, pp. 11 -33). Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Duan, Y., Edwards, J.S. and Dwivedi, Y.K., 2019. Artificial intelligence for decision making
in the era of Big Data â€“evolution, challenges and research agenda. International Journal of
Information Management , 48 , pp.63 -71.
Gonzalez GarcÃa, C., NÃºÃ±ez ValdÃ©z, E.R., GarcÃa DÃaz, V., Pelayo GarcÃa -Bustelo, B.C. and
Cueva Lovelle, J.M., 2019. A review of artificial intelligence in the internet of
things. International Journal Of Interactive Multimedia And Artificial Intelligence, 5 .
Miller, T., 2019. Explanation in artificial intelligen ce: Insights from the social
sciences. Artificial intelligence , 267 , pp.1 -38.
Moradi, M., 2021. Importance of internet of things (IoT) in marketing research and its ethical
and data privacy challenges.
Pycroft, L. and Aziz, T.Z., 2018. Security of implanta ble medical devices with wireless
connections: The dangers of cyber -attacks. Expert Review of Medical Devices , 15 (6), pp.403 –
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