Assessment Solutions-Identification of Dietary :KIN461

Assessment Solutions-Identification of Dietary :KIN461

COMPARISON OF DIETARY GUIDELINES
1
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Table of Contents
Introduction ………………………………………….. …

Preview text

COMPARISON OF DIETARY GUIDELINES
1
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Table of Contents
Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2
Discussion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
Identification of dietary guidelines from other countries ………………………………………………. 2
Discussion of pros and cons of the selected dietary guidelines from different countries …… 4
Correlation between dietary recommendations and prevalence of health-related diseases … 6
Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
Reference List ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
2
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Introduction
National dietary guidelines are very significant for people of every country as they
derive advice from these dietary guidelines on what to drink and eat, in correct proportions
for meeting the needs of the nutrients, promote proper health and prevent diseases from
occurring. Such guidelines are developed for aprofessional audience by policy makers,
healthcare experts such as doctors, nutritionists and dietitians along with operators of various
nutritional programs (Nestel et al., 2021 ).In this report, there will be comparison of national
dietary guidelines from three different countries, of which one will be the United States.
There will be discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of the selected dietary
guidelines along with discussion on the correlation between the dietary recommendations
with the prevalence of chronic lifestyle diseases.
Discussion
Identification of dietary guidelines from other countries
To maintain healthy eating patterns for sustaining ahealthy life, United States has
implemented “ChooseMyPlate ”,that provides ample information on healthy eating.
Officially, itis known as Dietary Guidelines for Americans and stands out to be the
cornerstone of the Federal Nutrition Policy and education activities for the US (FAO, 2022).
Figure 1: ChooseMyPlate by the United States
Source: (FAO, 2022)
3
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
The German Nutrition Society has implemented the German Nutrition Circle for
maintaining healthy eating patterns and advisory guidelines for the same, for the people of
the country. It is endorsed by the Ministries of Health and Agriculture and was established
first in 1956 and was last updated in 2017. The main aim of the dietary guideline of Germany
is to encompass how adiet that promotes health can be implemented in the daily life of
people while allowing the consumers to maintain asimple rule of conduct (“Germany”, 2022).
Figure 2: The DGE Nutrition Circle by Germany
Source: (“Germany”, 2022)
China has implemented Chinese Dietary Guidelines such as the Food Guide Pagoda ,
which was revised by the Chinese Nutrition Society in collaboration with various other
stakeholders. The “Food Guide Pagoda ”consists of core agendas of the guidelines that helps
people of China lead ahealthy life which is less impacted by illnesses (“China”, 2022).
4
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Figure 3: Food Guide Pagoda by China
Source: (“China”, 2022)
Discussion of pros and cons of the selected dietary guidelines from different
countries
ChooseMyPlate has several advantages. Since human beings eat mostly on plates, itis
very easy to visualize the portions that are needed for them. For example, half of the plate
should comprise of fruits and vegetables, is properly indicated in the guidelines of this
website. If an individual gives input about his or her age, weight and height, ChooseMyPlate
gives recommendations about the dietary guidelines that best suits the individual. The portion
of foods to be eaten are also mentioned and indicated clearly in the form of listed
measurements, which are in cups and ounces (Nutrition Education Tools, 2022).
ChooseMyPlate can be thought as apie chart which makes iteasier for individuals to
understand the portions as whole of apercentage. It is the first teaching model of nutrition
that the need of protein but not necessarily meat as asource of protein and hence gives
accommodation to vegetarian eating. However, this guideline does not place any emphasis on
the consumption of healthy fats while they emphasize the consumption of fruits in every meal,
which is not considered to be necessary. As arich dairy source, ChooseMyPlate promotes
milk as the one and only efficient product (Nutrition Education Tools, 2022). However, this
5
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
contradicts with people who are intolerant to lactose and consume soymilk, almond milk or
any other substitutes.
One of the outstanding features of the German Nutrition Circle is that ithas been
segmented on the basis of the calculation of the quantities of food. These segments are
representative of the relative quantities of different groups of food for maintenance of awell-
balanced diet. This nutrition circle has been considered to be the trendsetter as well as a
symbol for awell-balanced nutrition (Richter et al., 2016) .Moreover, itgives adequate scope
for making asound menu plan. Based on the implementation of reference values, this circle
ensures enough consumption of dietary fibre on the basis of reference values while
preventing excessive levels of consumption of any particular nutrient. Compliance with
recommendations made by the German nutrition circle can certainly prevent the occurrence
of any chronic diseases (Renner et al., 2021) .The only cons of this plan is that ithas not been
implemented into action in afull-fledged manner and there is also no proper monitoring and
evaluation of the outcomes yet.
The Food Guide Pagoda, designed for rendering healthy eating to the Chinese
population successfully illustrates the knowledge of classification of food along with
recommended daily intake of each of the food groups. This dietary guideline emphasizes on
the eating of cereals as astaple along with other varieties of food as staple. It facilitates eating
in abalanced manner so that healthy weight can be maintained (Wang et al., 2016 ). It
emphasized on the incorporation of physical activity to keep aperson healthy while advised
to implement less oil during cooking. The Food Guide Pagoda is acomplete dietary guideline
that is devoid of any disadvantages.
6
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Correlation between dietary recommendations and prevalence of health-related
diseases
The principle messages of ChooseMyPlate are to focus on consumption of whole
fruits, varieties of vegetables, whole grains, variation in the quantity of protein consumed and
consumption of low-fat or fat-free milk and consumption of yogurt or any lactose-free or soy-
milk based products for people who are allergic to lactose. A diet that is rich in whole grains
are representative of dietary fibre intake which is highly helpful for reducing prevalence of
diabetes and weight gain (Bushman, 2022). Also, alow-fat diet can prevent risk of any
cardiovascular diseases. Ample milk consumption shall prevent joint and orthopedic
complications effectively.
Reduction of sugar and salt consumption as per the German Nutrition Circle is helpful
in prevention of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Consumption of enough volume of
water shall help in weight management, consumption of whole grain food will render enough
dietary fibres in the diet which not only foster weight management but also keep diabetes
under control (Bushman, 2022).
The Food Guide Pagoda advises balanced eating along with sustained physical
activity to maintain and manage weight. Consumption of lean protein with reduced sugar, salt
and alcohol intake will reduce chances of cardiovascular diseases (Nestel et al., 2021 ).
Conclusion
It can be concluded from the assessment of the dietary guidelines of the three
countries that the dietary guideline of the United States, ChooseMyPlate is the most effective
and efficient one. This is because this set of dietary guideline encourages some of the
beneficial practices such as exclusive breast feeding for infants, limited intake of beverages
and foods rich in sugar, laying emphasis on consuming whole fruits and many other agendas.
7
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
It represents the adequate food intake for healthy eating in the form aplate which is a
standard equipment for any individual consuming food represented in the form of apie chart
that is easily understandable. When aperson consumes all the nutrients in adequate amounts,
itwill lead to achievement of life devoid of any chronic disease or deficiency.
8
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Reference List
Bushman, B. (2022). ACSM ’scomplete guide to fitness & health (2nd ed., pp. 3-385).
American College of Sports Medicine.
China .Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2022). Retrieved 1May
2022, from https://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food-dietary-
guidelines/regions/countries/china/en/ .
FAO. (2022). United States .Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Retrieved 1May 2022, from https://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food-dietary-
guidelines/regions/countries/united-states-of-america/en/ .
Germany .Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2022). Retrieved 1May
2022, from https://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food-based-dietary-
guidelines/regions/countries/germany/en/ .
Nestel, P. J., Beilin, L. J., Clifton, P. M., Watts, G. F., & Mori, T. A. (2021). Practical
guidance for food consumption to prevent cardiovascular disease. Heart, Lung and
Circulation ,30 (2), 163-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlc.2020.08.022
Nutrition Education Tools. (2022). Nutrition and Fitness Professional, LLC |What ILike and
Dislike about MyPlate .Nutritionandfitnesspro.com. Retrieved 1May 2022, from
https://www.nutritionandfitnesspro.com/2015/01/29/what-i-like-and-dislike-about-myplate/ .
Renner, B., Arens-Azev êdo, U., Watzl, U., Richter, M., Virmani, K., & Linseisen, J. (2021).
DGE position statement on amore sustainable diet. Ern ährungs-Umschau: Forschung
& Praxis ,68 (7), 144-154. https://kops.uni-
konstanz.de/bitstream/handle/123456789/55376/Renner_2-
3n4upylcei5y9.pdf?sequence=1
9
Name:
Course:
Section Number:
Richter, M., Boeing, H., Gr ünewald-Funk, D., Heseker, H., Kroke, A., Leschik-Bonnet, E., …
& Watzl, B. (2016). For the German Nutrition Society (DGE).(2016). Vegan diet.
Position of the German Nutrition Society (DGE). Ernahrungs umschau ,63 (04), 92-
102. DOI: 10.4455/eu.2016.021
Wang, S. S., Lay, S., Yu, H. N., & Shen, S. R. (2016). Dietary guidelines for Chinese
residents (2016): comments and comparisons. Journal of Zhejiang University-
SCIENCE B,17 (9), 649-656. https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1600341

QUALITY: 100% ORIGINAL PAPER – NO PLAGIARISM – CUSTOM PAPER
error: Content is protected !!