2- Lean Operations and Six Sigma

2- Lean Operations and Six Sigma

Session:Module:Lean Operations and Six SigmaModule Leader: Insert Name.Assignment number/title: Assignment 2 Case CompanyAcademic contact for guidance:Insert name and email address.Maximum word count or number of pages:Insert Details.Percentage contribution to overall module mark:Insert Details.Deadline for submission:Method and Location for Submission:otherDeadline for return of feedback:Module learning outcomes to be assessed:• Select, explain and reflect upon core lean principles and techniques.• Demonstrate a working knowledge and application of lean principles and six sigma tools and techniques to streamline selected businesses.• Critically review recent developments in lean thinking, best practices and case studies.References/recommended reading: APACamp, R. B. (2013). Sustainable lean: the story of a cultural transformation. CRC Press.Cox, I., Gaudard, M. A., & Stephens, M. L. (2016). Visual six sigma: making data analysis lean. John Wiley & Sons.Pande, P., Neuman, R. and Cavanagh, R., (2000). The Six Sigma Way. New York: McGraw-Hill.Rother, M. and Shook, J., (2003). Learning To See. Kbh.: Dansk Industri.Roos, D., Womack, J. and Jones, D., (2014). The Machine That Changed The World: Free Press.Sections 2 and 3 of this assignment are to be completed as a group of three.One member of the group will individually complete Task 1, and as a group complete Tasks 2 and 3.The second member of the group will individually complete Task 4, and as a group complete Tasks 2 and 3.The third member of the group will individually complete Task 5, and as a group complete Tasks 2 and 3.Task 1 Person ATask 2 Person A, B & CTask 3 Person A, B & CTask 4 Person BTask 5 Person CThe TasksYou have been employed as a consultant to implement Lean and 6 within a local SME.The case company details will be provided separately.You have just less than two months to consider all the available material. After which you are required to produce a written document detailing the options the manager should consider.Task:1) Critical review of the literature giving detailed examples of where within industry Lean and 6 have been applied, the strategies followed when implementing, the benefits achieved and whether there are any lessons to be learned.This is an individual task.2) Create current and future state Value Stream Maps (VSM).To be completed in pairs.3) Relating back to your future state VSM propose approaches which can feasibly be considered when implementing lean and 6 manufacturing principles within the case company. Stating where the most benefit would be gained. While documenting your implementation plan are there any tools and techniques which you would not implement; either immediately, within the year or indeed at any time?To be completed in pairs.4) Being able to sustain the improvements implemented through Lean-6sigma initiatives is challenging. Discuss, with reference to the literature, how you would ensure that any changes implemented within the case company are sustainable in the long term.This is an individual task.5) By the time you read this assignment the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 will have been and gone and this year’s University’s Big Read 2021 will have been released; How to Save Our Planet: the Facts by Professor Mark Maslin, an important book for anyone who wants to learn more about the climate emergency and what action we can take.With the increasing awareness of needing to reduce emissions, you are required to critically analyse and discuss, with reference to the literature, whether all of the tools available to a practitioner of Lean 6 Sigma remain valid or whether some tools should be avoided or replaced. In essence, is Lean 6 sigma compatible with and still relevant with being Green? In light of your findings, is there any part of the case study’s business which should be changed?If you wish to read the book; How to Save Our Planet: the Facts by Professor Mark Maslin, you may collect one, free of charge. This is an individual task. Conditions of Assessment• It is expected that some of the information which you consider necessary to complete this assignment has been omitted and as such you will need to make a number of assumptions. State all of the assumptions you have made in completing this assignment.• Your work should be appropriately and correctly referenced using the APA standard.• For sections 1, 4 and 5 you are EACH expected to write 1500 words ±10% excluding the list of references.• As a group you may also write up to 1500 words ±10% excluding the list of references for section 3. Student A’s Name: Student B’s Name: Student C’s Name:Student A’s Number: Student B’s Number: Student C’s Number: Overall Mark:Criterion and Weighting Distinction Merit Pass Fail Mark:(100 to 70%) (69 to 60%) (59 to 50%) (49 to 0%)Task 1: 50%, individual Creation of your own table based on analysis of the literature, including a critical discussion of the validity of the table.Excellent knowledge and understanding evidenced by some clear independent insight and critical awareness of relevant concepts some of which are at the forefront of the discipline Critical discussion of many varied examples which may include a table of applications from a published source. Limited discussion of example applications given but lacks detail. Only one or two examples with little analysis.The student only evidences an understanding of small subset of the taught concepts and techniques; fails to make sufficient links between known concepts and factsCritical discussion of the literature giving detailed examples of where Lean has been applied, the strategies followed when implementing, the benefits achieved and whether there are any lessons to be learned.ED HD MD LD HM MM LM HP MP LP BF MF LF VLF ZeroTask 2: 25%, pair Indicates what and where changes are required. Redesigns the process incorporating appropriate Lean tools and techniques. Original and redesigned VSMs incorporating Lean tools and techniques with very minor errors or omissions. Some mistakes but largely appropriate symbols are used. Little evidence of understanding the concepts.Create current and future state Value Stream Maps.ED HD MD LD HM MM LM HP MP LP BF MF LF VLF Zero Task 3: 25%, pair Critical discussion of which tools and techniques should and should not be implemented with appropriate justification for both. The difficulty of implementing. The benefits of implementing and an appropriate schedule should be included. An appropriate schedule is presented but with little discussion of the difficulties of implementing and the benefits likely to be gained presented with appropriate reasoning and references. Schedule provided but justification is lacking. Some tools have been considered together with where they could be applied. Implementation schedule, weightings given for each activity. Inappropriate schedule or tools and techniques.Propose approaches which can feasibly be considered when implementing lean and 6 manufacturing principles within the case company. Stating where the most benefit would be gained. While documenting your implementation plan are there any tools and techniques which you would not implement?ED HD MD LD HM MM LM HP MP LP BF MF LF VLF ZeroTask 4: 50%, individual As merit, plus…Fully justified rational with examples presented. Excellent knowledge and understanding evidenced by some clear independent insight and critical awareness of relevant concepts some of which are at the forefront of the discipline Explicit examples from other businesses / industries stating how, where and when the system you are proposing has been implemented. A plan is presented stating how you would approach the challenge of maintaining any improvements made. Some tools / suggestions are stated but with little reference to the literature.The student only evidences an understanding of small subset of the taught concepts and techniques; fails to make sufficient links between known concepts and factsMaintaining improvements made is challenging. Discuss, with reference to the literature, how you would ensure that any changes implemented are sustainable in the long term.ED HD MD LD HM MM LM HP MP LP BF MF LF VLF ZeroTask 5: 50%, individual As merit, plus…Fully justified rational with examples presented. Propose ways in which the tools need to be adapted. Excellent knowledge and understanding evidenced by some clear independent insight and critical awareness of relevant concepts some of which are at the forefront of the discipline Explicit examples from the literature, businesses / industries stating how, which of the tools remain relevant and why. Some examples from the literature, businesses / industries stating how, which of the tools remain relevant and why Some tools / suggestions are stated but with little reference to the literature.The student only evidences an understanding of small subset of the taught concepts and techniques; fails to make sufficient links between known concepts and factsCritically analyse and discuss, with reference to the literature, whether all of the tools available to a practitioner of Lean 6 Sigma remain valid or whether some tools should be avoided or replaced.ED HD MD LD HM MM LM HP MP LP BF MF LF VLF Zero Level 7: Generic grade descriptor: relationship of grades of achievement to percentage mark ranges and categorical grades (CG)Class Category General CharacteristicsDistinction(Exceptional) Exceptional Distinction Exceptional breadth and depth of knowledge and understanding evidenced by own independent insight and critical awareness of relevant literature and concepts at the forefront of the discipline; evidence of extensive and appropriate independent inquiry operating with advanced concepts, methods and techniques to solve problems in unfamiliar contexts; Cogent arguments and explanations are consistently provided using a range of media demonstrating an ability to communicate effectively in a variety of formats using a sophisticated level of the English language in an eloquent and professional manner to both technical and non-technical audiences; a sustained academic approach to all aspects of the tasks is evidenced; academic work extends boundaries of the disciplines and is beyond expectation of the level and may achieve publishable or commercial standard.Distinction(Excellent) High Distinction Excellent knowledge and understanding evidenced by some clear independent insight and critical awareness of relevant concepts some of which are at the forefront of the discipline; evidence of appropriate independent inquiry operating with core concepts, methods and techniques to solve complex problems in mostly familiar contexts; Arguments and explanations are provided that is well-supported by the literature and in some cases uses a range of media demonstrating an ability to communicate effectively in a limited number of formats using own style that is suited to both technical and non-technical audiences; a sustained academic approach to most aspects of the tasks is evidenced; one or more aspects of the academic work is beyond the prescribed range and evidences a competent understanding of all of the relevant taught content.Mid DistinctionLow DistinctionMerit(Good) High Merit Very good knowledge and understanding is evidenced as the student is typically able to independently relate taught facts/concepts together some of which are at the forefront of the discipline; evidence of some competent independent inquiry operating with core concepts, methods and techniques to solve familiar problems; Arguments and explanations are provided that are typically supported by the literature and in some cases may challenge some received wisdoms; competently uses all taught media and communication methods to communicate effectively in a familiar settings; an academically rigorous approach applied to some aspects of the tasks is evidenced; some beyond the prescribed range, may rely on set sources to advance work/direct arguments; demonstrates autonomy in approach to learning.Mid MeritLow MeritPass(Sufficient) High Pass Satisfactory knowledge and understanding of the area of study balanced towards the descriptive rather than critical or analytical and mostly confined to concepts that are not at the forefront of the discipline; evidence of some independent reading and research to advance work and inform arguments and approaches; Arguments and explanations are limited in range and depth although some are adequately supported by the literature albeit descriptively rather than critically; competently uses at least one taught media and communication method to communicate appropriately in familiar settings; although the approach applied to some aspects of the tasks may lack academic rigour, there are some clear areas of competence within the prescribed range. Relies on set sources to advance work/direct arguments and communicated in a way which shows clarity but structure may not always be coherent.Mid PassLow PassFAIL(Insufficient) Borderline Fail Knowledge and understanding is insufficient as the student only evidences an understanding of small subset of the taught concepts and techniques; fails to make sufficient links between known concepts and facts to adequately solve relevant aspects of the brief/problem; little ability to independently select and evaluate reading/research with almost total reliance on set sources and unsubstantiated arguments/methods; communication/presentation may be competent in places but fails to demonstrate structure, clarity and/or focus; inability to adequately define problems and make reasoned judgements; the general approach to tasks lacks rigor and competence.Mid FailLow FailFAIL(Incompetent) Very Low Fail Knowledge and understanding is highly insufficient as the student is unable to evidence any meaningful understanding of taught concepts or methods; very limited evidence of reading and research to advance work; inadequate technical and practical skills as the student is unable to use and apply such skills to address problems or make judgements; limited or lack of understanding of the boundaries of the discipline and does not question received wisdom; approach to learning lacks autonomy and approach to tasks is not sustained; inability to communicate coherently.ZERO Zero Work not submitted, work of no merit, penalty in some misconduct cases. 

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